African Sandalwood or Nepalese Sandalwood: a Brief Synthesis

  • Jaime A. TEIXEIRA DA SILVA Miki-cho post office, Ikenobe 3011-2, P. O. Box 7, Kagawa-ken, 761-0799
  • Mafatlal M. KHER Sardar Patel University, B.R. Doshi School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel Maidan, Vadtal Rd., P.O. Box 39, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, 388120
  • Deepak SONER Sardar Patel University, B.R. Doshi School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel Maidan, Vadtal Rd., P.O. Box 39, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, 388120
  • Murugan NATARAJ Sardar Patel University, B.R. Doshi School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel Maidan, Vadtal Rd., P.O. Box 39, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, 388120
Keywords: conservation; East African sandalwood; fragrant wood; hemiparasite; sandalwood oil; Santalaceae

Abstract

African sandalwood or East African sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud.; Santalaceae), also known as Nepalese sandalwood (Osyris wightiana var. rotundifolia P.C. Tam), is a hemi-parasitic tree known for its fragrant wood. The essential oil is extracted from the root bark for the perfume industry and different parts of the tree have various medicinal uses. African sandalwood contains an array of phytochemicals such as dihydro-β-agarofuran polyesters, agarofuranases, polyesters, other sesquiterpenes and bisabolanes. This mini-review focuses on the general biology, traditional uses, phytochemical properties, propagation for conservation, and hemiparasitism of O. lanceolata.

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Published
2016-03-16
How to Cite
TEIXEIRA DA SILVA, J. A., KHER, M. M., SONER, D., & NATARAJ, M. (2016). African Sandalwood or Nepalese Sandalwood: a Brief Synthesis. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 8(1), 57-61. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb819714
Section
Short review article