Pharmacognostic Studies on Two Himalayan Species of Traditional Medicinal Value: Allium wallichii and Allium stracheyi

  • Umeshkumar TIWARI Repository for Medicinal Resources (Flora, Fauna, Metals and Minerals) (RMR), Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Bangalore (IN)
  • Sebastian J. ADAMS Centre for Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutics and Pharmacology, Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Bangalore (IN)
  • Noorunnisa BEGUM S Repository for Medicinal Resources (Flora, Fauna, Metals and Minerals) (RMR), Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Bangalore (IN)
  • Kulithalai V. KRISHNAMURTHY Centre for Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutics and Pharmacology, Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Bangalore (IN)
  • Kaliamoorthy RAVIKUMAR Repository for Medicinal Resources (Flora, Fauna, Metals and Minerals) (RMR), Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Bangalore (IN)
  • Venkatasubramanian PADMA Centre for Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutics and Pharmacology, Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Bangalore (IN)
Keywords: Allium sp.; conservation; histology; histochemistry; pharmacognosy

Abstract

The present research was aimed as a pharmacognostic study of whole plants of Allium wallichii and Allium stracheyi, both of which are very important traditional medicinal plants of North-West Himalayas. This study was carried out in terms of macroscopic and microscopic analyses and standard histochemical methods were followed for detecting starch, calcium oxalate, tannins, total lipids and alkaloids. Allium wallichi can be distinguished from A. stracheyi by possessing polyarch roots, mycorrhizal fungi in the outer cortical cells and triangular leaf midrib. The present study is the first to describe the pharmacognosy in terms of anatomical and histochemical features of these two Himalayan Allium species. Although they are listed in Ayurvedic database, the API so far has not given an account on these two species and hence this work is of high importance. Also, the herbal industries, researchers and traditional medicine can now use the distinguishing characters of these species listed in the current paper, while specifically acquiring them from local markets without any confusion.

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Published
2014-06-10
How to Cite
TIWARI, U., ADAMS, S. J., BEGUM S, N., KRISHNAMURTHY, K. V., RAVIKUMAR, K., & PADMA, V. (2014). Pharmacognostic Studies on Two Himalayan Species of Traditional Medicinal Value: Allium wallichii and Allium stracheyi. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 6(2), 149-154. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb629308
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb629308