Floristic Diversity, Vegetation Analysis and Threat Status of Plants in Various Forest Types in Dharmapuri Forest Division, Tamilnadu, Southern India

  • Umeshkumar L. TIWARI Botanical Survey of India, Arunachal Pradesh Regional Centre, Senki View, Itanagar 791111, Arunachal Pradesh (IN) http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8013-0072
  • Kaliamoorthy RAVIKUMAR National Herbarium of Medicinal Plants and Repository of Raw Drug, Institute of Trans-disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology (ITD-HST) University; Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT), No. 74/2, Jarakabande Kaval, Post Attur, Via - Yelahanka, Bangalore – 560 106 (IN)
Keywords: Dharmapuri Forest Division; floristic diversity; threatened status

Abstract

The present paper deals with the study conducted to know the floristic diversity assessment and vegetation composition analysis in various forest types of Dharmapuri Forest division situated in Eastern Ghats of Southern India in the state of Tamilnadu. A total of 352 species of 233 genera and belonging to 79 families were recorded. The quantitative features such as density and important value index (IVI) varied greatly among forest and different forest types. In the present study the diversity index of shrubs and herbs were found to be higher than the tree species. The presence of high number of higher girth class of tree species and low number of sapling and seedling indicates that the present forest is old and exhibiting the low regeneration.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Ahmedullah M, Nayar MP (1987). Endemic plants of Indian region. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Ansari AA (2008). Crotalaria L. in India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.

Balakrishnan, NP, Chakrabarty T (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.

Balvanera P, Pfisterer BA, Buchmann N, He JS, Nakashizuka T, Raffaelli D, Schmid B (2006). Quantifying the evidence for biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning and services. Ecology Letters 9:1146-1156.

Champion HG, Seth SK (1968). A revised survey of forest types of India. Government of India Press, Delhi, India.

Condit R, Ashton PS, Baker P, Bunyavejohewin S, Gunatileke S, Gunatilleke N, Hubbell SP, Foster RB, Itoh A, LaFrankie JV, Lee HS, Losos E, Manokaran N, Sukumar R, Yamakura T (2000). Spatial patterns in the distribution of tropical tree species. Science 288:1414-1418.

Curtis JT, McIntosh RP (1950). The interrelations of certain analytic and synthetic phytosociological characters. Ecology 31:434-455.

Curtis JT (1959). The Vegetation of Wisconsin, an Ordination of Plant Communities. University Wisconsin Press, Madison. Wisconsin.

Daily CG (1995). Restoring value to the world’s degraded lands. Science 269:350-354.

Gamble JS, Fischer ECE (1915-1939). Flora of the presidencey of Madras. Adlard and Son Ltd., London.

Gopalakrishna SP, Kaonga ML, Somashekar RK, Suresh HS, Suresh R (2015). Tree diversity in the tropical dry forest of Bannerghatta National Park in Eastern Ghats, Southern India. European Journal of Ecology 1(2):12-27.

Henry AN, Kumari GR, Chithra V (1987). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India Series 1: Analysis, Volume 2. Botanical Survey of India, Coimbatore.

Henry AN, Chithra V, Balakrishana NP (1989). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India Series 1: Analysis, Volume 3. Botanical Survey of India, Coimbatore.

Hooker, JD (1872-1897). Flora of British India, Volumes 1-7. L. Reeve and Company, Ashford, Kent, U.K.

Hooper DU, Chapin FS, Ewwel JJ, Hector A, Inchausti P, Lavorel S, ... Wardle DA (2005). Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: A consensus of currents knowledge. Ecological Monographs 75(1):3-35.

Hubbell SP, Foster RB (1992). Short-term dynamics of a neotropical forest: why ecological research matters to tropical conservation and management. Oikos 63:48-61.

Jagtap AP, Singh NP (1999). Fascicles of flora of India. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Jayakumar S, Soosairaj S, Samy DIA, Britto JS (2002). Similarity analysis in two tropical dry evergreen forests in the Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu. Journal of Hill Research 15:4-11.

Kadavul K, Parthasarathy N (1999). Plant biodiversity and conservation of tropical semi-evergreen in the Shervarayan hills of Eastern Ghats, India. Biodiversity Conservation 8: 421-439.

Kaya Z, Raynal DJ (2001). Biodiversity and conservation of Turkish forests. Biological Conservation 97(2):131-141.

Matthew KM (1981-1984). The flora of the Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Volumes I-III. The Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli.

May RM, Stumpf MPH (2000). Species-area relationships in tropical forests. Science 290:2084- 2086.

Myers N, Mittermeier RA, Mittermeier CG, da Fonseca GA, Kent J (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403:853-858.

Naeem S, Wright JP (2003). Disentangling biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning: deriving solutions to a seemingly insurmountable problem. Ecology Letters 6:567-579.

Naidu MT, Kumar OA (2015). Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(8):7443-7459.

Nayar MP, Sastry ARK (eds.) (1987-1990). Red data book of Indian Plants, Volume I-III. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Nayar MP (1996). “Hot spots” of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan. Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute, Palode, Thiruvananthapuram.

Panda PC, Mahapatra AK, Acharya PK, Debata AK (2013) Plant diversity in tropical deciduous forests of Eastern Ghats, India: A landscape assessment. International Journal of Biodiversity Conservation 5(10), 625-639.

Pitchairamu C, Muthuchelian K, Siva (2008). Floristic inventory and quantitative vegetation analysis of tropical dry deciduous forest in Piranmalai forest, Eastern Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12:204-216.

Pragasan A, Parthasarathy N (2010). Landscape-level tree diversity assessment in tropical forests of southern Eastern Ghats, India. Flora 205(11):728-737.

Puttakame GS, Kaonga ML, Somashekar RK, Suresh HS, Suresh R (2015). Tree diversity in the tropical dry forest of Bannerghatta National Park in Eastern Ghats, Southern India. European Journal of Ecology 1(2):12-27.

Ravikumar K, Ved DK (2000). 100 Red-list medicinal plants of conservation concern in Southern India. Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions, Bangalore.

Sagar R, Raghubanshi AS, Singh JS (2003). Tree species composition, dispersion and diversity along a disturbance gradient in a dry tropical forest region of India. Forest Ecology and Management 186:61-71.

Sanjappa M (1992). Legumes of India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.

Shannon CE, Wiener W (1963). The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana.

Simpson EH (1949). Measurement of diversity. Nature 163(4148):688.

Singh SP (2002). Balancing the approaches of environmental conservation by considering ecosystem services as well as biodiversity. Current Science 82(11):1331-1335.

Sorensen T (1948). A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species content. Dent Kong Dansk Vindensk (Copenhegen) 5:1-34.

Vajravelu E, Rathakrishnan NC (1967-1968). A contribution to the flora of Dharmapuri district, Madras State. Botanical Survey of India 9:31-48.

Varma S, Anand VD, Avinash KG, Nishant MS (2009). Ecology, conservation and management of the Asian elephant in Bannerghatta National Park, Southern India. A Rocha India/ANCF: Asian Elephant Ecology and Conservation Reference Series No.1. A Rocha India and Asian Nature Conservation Foundation, Bangalore.

Villaseñor JL, Maeda P, Rosell JA, Ortiz E (2007). Plant families as predictors of plant biodiversity in Mexico. Diversity and Distributions 13:871-876.

Wilson EO (1988). The current state of biological diversity. In: Wilson EO. and Peter FM (Eds). Biodiversity. National Academy Press, Washington DC, pp 3-18.

Published
2018-06-29
How to Cite
TIWARI, U. L., & RAVIKUMAR, K. (2018). Floristic Diversity, Vegetation Analysis and Threat Status of Plants in Various Forest Types in Dharmapuri Forest Division, Tamilnadu, Southern India. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 10(2), 297-304. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb10210158
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb10210158