Online First

    In press - Forthcoming. In this section, there are articles that have been peer-reviewed, accepted for publication and published online first. The articles are searchable and citable through Digital Object Identifier (DOI) and article number. DOI link will become active after the articles will be included in the complete next issue.





  • Anatomical, physiological, biochemical and molecular responses of Eucalyptus spp. under water deficit conditions and characteristics of Tunisian arid species: an overview (2022-09-23)


    Imen CHEMLALI
    1University of Gabes, Faculty of Science Gabes, Gabes
    Kaouther Ben YAHIA
    University of Carthage, I National Institute for Rural Engineering, Water and Forestry (INRGREF), LEF
    Souda BELAÏD
    University of Gabes, Faculty of Science Gabes, Gabes; National Engineering School of Gabes, Laboratory of Energy, Water, Environment and Processes, Gabes
    Sonia Ben RABEH
    University of Gabes, Faculty of Science Gabes, Gabes; National Engineering School of Gabes, Laboratory of Energy, Water, Environment and Processes, Gabes
    Chokri Ben ROMDHANE
    University of Carthage, National Institute for Rural Engineering, Water and Forestry (INRGREF), LGVRF
    Noomen MESSOUDI
    Commissariat Régional au Développement Agricole Gabès, CTV-Mareth, 6000 Gabes
    Ezzeddine SAADAOUI
    University of Carthage, National Institute for Rural Engineering, Water and Forestry (INRGREF), LGVRF

    DOI:10.15835/nsb14311218


    The genus Eucalyptus occurs in a large range of environmental conditions, mainly arid/semi-arid areas. It includes species with high capacity to survive with extremely low water potential. For that, our review shows an important effect of drought on Eucalyptus spp. plants’ resistance mechanisms and management strategies. In fact, water stress acts directly on growth, productivity, yield, it affects also response to pests and diseases, disturbs wood formation and essential oil yield. However, the general patterns of response to water stress varied among species, genotypes, hybrids and clones. To assume, reducing water loss in eucalyptus species is manifested by reducing leaves area, reducing gas exchange, increasing water uptake thanks to a prolific and deep root systems. A greater accumulation of osmolytes that gives rise to osmotic adjustment including carbohydrates especially cyclitols and quercitol, other amino acids and organic acids, also some proteins which play a vital role in sustaining cellular functions under drought conditions. More than that, water stress increases mainly the levels of pigments, chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, malondialdehyde (MDA), abscisic acid (ABA) and the biosynthesis of triacylglycerols (TAGs) in Eucalyptus species.







  • Hypoglycemic and in vitro antioxidant activities of Stereospermum kunthianum stem bark hydromethanol extract (2022-09-23)


    Julius O. ODE
    University of Abuja, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, PMB 117 Abuja
    Florence NWINYI
    University of Abuja, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, PMB 117 Abuja
    Maxwell O. EGUA
    University of Abuja, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, PMB 117 Abuja
    Monday M. ONAKPA
    University of Abuja, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, PMB 117 Abuja
    Ganiyat M. AKANDE
    University of Abuja, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, PMB 117 Abuja
    Samuel O. ONOJA
    Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, Umudike, PMB 7267, Abia State
    Hudu G. MIKAIL
    University of Abuja, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, PMB 117 Abuja
    David D. AKUMKA
    University of Abuja, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, PMB 117 Abuja
    Mohammed ADAMU
    University of Abuja, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, PMB 117 Abuja

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311223 


    This study investigated Stereospermum kunthianum stem bark hydromethanol extract for hypoglycemic and in vitro antioxidant activities. Phytochemical analyses were performed to determine the components of the extract.  In vitro antioxidant activities of the extract were assessed with 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging and ferric reducing /antioxidant power assays. An oral acute toxicity study to determine the safe dose of the extract was conducted in albino Wistar rats. Evaluation of the extract's hypoglycemic activities on blood glucose levels of normal, glucose loaded and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were performed. The extract contained various constituents, including saponins, terpenes, tannins, flavonoids, carbohydrates, alkaloids, and steroids.  1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging assay proved more sensitive, showing a concentration-dependent increase in antioxidant capacity of the extract, which peaked at 71.8% relative to ascorbic acid (92.9%) at the highest test concentration (400 μg mL-1). The rats tolerated Stereospermum kunthianum extracts with the oral LD50 of more than 5000 mg kg-1. Interestingly, various doses (100-400 mg kg-1) of the extract were effective in causing significant (p≤0.05) reductions in the blood glucose levels of normoglycemic, glucose challenged and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats when compared to their controls. The results suggest that the stem bark extract of S. kunthianum was a relatively safe herbal extract, rich in phytochemicals, possessed good antioxidant activity, with potential anti-diabetic effects.





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    Effectiveness of foliar application of biostimulants and nanoparticles on growth, nitrogen assimilation and nutritional content in green bean (2022-09-23)


    Miriam AGÜERO-ESPARZA
    Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas y Forestales, Km. 2.5 carretera a Rosales, Poniente, 33000 Delicias, Chihuahua
    Octavio VILLALOBOS-CANO
    Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas y Forestales, Km. 2.5 carretera a Rosales, Poniente, 33000 Delicias, Chihuahua
    Esteban SÁNCHEZ
    Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C. Unidad Delicias, Av. 4 Sur 3828, Pablo Gómez, 33088 Delicias, Chihuahua
    Sandra PÉREZ-ÁLVAREZ
    Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas y Forestales, Km. 2.5 carretera a Rosales, Poniente, 33000 Delicias, Chihuahua
    Juan Pedro SIDA-ARREOLA
    Universidad Tecnológica de Camargo Unidad Meoqui, C. Julio César, J. C. Viramontes 237, Zona Industrial, 33130 Pedro Meoqui, Chihuahua
    Alejandro PALACIO-MÁRQUEZ
    Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C. Unidad Delicias, Av. 4 Sur 3828, Pablo Gómez, 33088 Delicias, Chihuahua
    Carlos Abel RAMÍREZ-ESTRADA
    Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C. Unidad Delicias, Av. 4 Sur 3828, Pablo Gómez, 33088 Delicias, Chihuahua

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311261 


    The use of biostimulants, such as salicylic acid (SA) and chitosan, are a sustainable strategy to solve stress problems in plants. Its use has been shown to have synergy with metallic microelements, which are very important for the development of crops under stress situations. An advance in the application of these nutrients is the use of nanoparticles, which emerge as a more precise alternative to achieve optimal plant development. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of foliar application of biostimulants, iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) nanoparticles on growth, nitrogen assimilation, and nutritional content in green bean cv. ‘Strike’. Three treatments were used where complete nutrient solution was applied via foliar, the combination of chitosan (Q) plus SA and nanoparticles of Fe and Zn plus Q and SA. The application of nutrient solution favoured biomass content and carotene content. While the Q+SA treatment increased the nitrate reductase enzymatic activity, the mineral content in the root and the amino acid content, which places it as a viable alternative in situations where the supply of nutrients is limited or the plant cope with stressful situations. For its part, the application of nanoparticles of Fe and Zn plus biostimulants generated an increase in the mineral content of the aerial part, indicating that the application of this type of compound generates a greater mobility of nutrients within the plant.





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    Parquetina nigrescens leaf infusion: a food-based approach for the management of diet-induced iron deficiency in weanling rats (2022-09-23)


    Aderinola J. AWONIYI
    Crown-Hill University Eiyenkorin, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemical Sciences (Biochemistry Unit), Ilorin
    https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2586-1910
    Oreoluwa M. ABIDAKUN
    University of Ilorin, Central Research Laboratories, Ilorin
    https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2439-5142
    Adenike T. OLADIJI
    University of Ilorin, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Biochemistry, Ilorin
    https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4198-2907

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311275


    Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals needed by the body in minute amount and whose impact on the body’s health is vital. Hence, deficiency in any one of them could cause severe and even life-threatening conditions. Deficiency in iron is the most common micronutrient deficiency and is prevalent in children and pregnant women. The infused extracts of Parquetina nigrescens (PN) leaf were used in the management of iron deficiency in weanling rats to provide a food-based approach strategy that is readily accessible, affordable, and acceptable to the low-income population who are more susceptible to micronutrient deficiencies. Diet-induced iron-deficient weanling rats (55.0 ± 10.0) g was administered infused extracts (PN, PN+ ginger PN+ lemongrass, PN+ milk) of PN at 1000 mg/kg body weight for 28 days. The haemoglobin concentration of rats administered PN extract was significantly (p < 0.05) increased compared to the control. Serum protein assay indicated administration of PN extract reduced significantly (p < 0.05) concentrations of Divalent Metal Transporter 1, transferrin, ferroportin, and increased hepcidin and ferritin concentrations. Higher concentrations of flavonoids in the PN extract are proposed to support its haematopoietic activity alongside its ascorbic acid content. The infused extract of PN showed better haematopoietic activity when taken alone than when additives were added.





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    Micropropagation and potential of bioactive compounds of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) for nutrition and health (2022-09-23)


    Chaimae SLIMANI
    Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Sciences and Technologies Faculty, Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Fez; National Agency of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Laboratory of Botany, P.O. Box 159, Taounate, 34025
    Younes EL GOUMI
    Polyvalent Team R&D, Higher School of Technology of Fkih Ben Salah University of Sultan Moulay Slimane Beni Mellal
    Chaimae RAIS
    National Agency of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Laboratory of Botany, P.O. Box 159, Taounate, 34025
    Lahsen EL GHADRAOUI
    Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Sciences and Technologies Faculty, Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Fez
    Meryem BENJELLOUN
    Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Sciences and Technologies Faculty, Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Fez
    Abderrahim LAZRAQ
    Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Sciences and Technologies Faculty, Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Fez

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311278


    To inquire about the possibility of durable valorization of saffron, this review highlights the different techniques of in vitro culture and varietal creation of this specie. Then, a reveal main component of saffron with some pharmacological activities that make this product a serious therapeutic hope. Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) is a sterile triploid geophyte that propagated by corms. To respond to the increasing global demand for saffron, it is necessary to expand the area under cultivation. Thus, in vitro techniques can produce a large quantity of propagating material in reduced time. It is well-known that saffron is traditionally used as a coloring or flavoring agent, but recent research showed its potential for health promotion. The interest components include crocin, crocetin, picrocrocin, and safranal have all demonstrated a wide range of use in medical field. Previous studies have reported that biological activities of saffron alleviates or prevents health problems such as stomach upset, cardiovascular disease, and depression. In addition, saffron is also promising in cancer prevention due to its antioxidant properties.







  • Increasing liana biomass and carbon stocks in tropical dry evergreen forests of southern India (2022-09-23)


    Snigdha NATH
    Pondicherry University, School of Life Sciences, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Puducherry, 605014; Mizoram University, Department of Environmental Science, Aizawl, Mizoram, 796004
    Kanda N. BABU
    Pondicherry University, School of Life Sciences, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Puducherry, 605014; French Institute of Pondicherry, Department of Ecology, St. Louis Street, Puducherry, 605001
    Ashaq A. DAR
    Pondicherry University, School of Life Sciences, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Puducherry, 605014
    Narayanaswamy PARTHASARATHY
    Pondicherry University, School of Life Sciences, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Puducherry, 605014

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311279


    Tropical forests act as a great carbon reservoir covering about 30% of the global carbon content, however, structural alteration of these forests caused by forest disturbances adversely affects the carbon cycle. One such structural change happening in these tropical forests is the increasing dominance of lianas (woody climbers). Among various tropical forest types, lianas are an integral constituent of the tropical dry evergreen forests (TDEFs) found in peninsular India. A re-inventory of lianas was carried out to observe temporal changes in basal area and carbon stock in two 1-ha permanent plots of two disturbed tropical dry evergreen forest sites (TDEF; Oorani -OR and Puthupet - PP) over a 19-year interval (2001-2020). The total basal area in OR and PP increased respectively by 2.26 m2 ha-1 and 0.93 m2 ha-1. The total biomass and the carbon stock in OR and PP increased by 82% and 51% respectively. The dominant species Strychnos lenticellata showed an increase in its basal area by three-fold in OR, whereas, in PP, a marginal increase of 4% was observed. The lower diameter class (1-6 cm) showed an increase in basal area in OR and PP by 101% and 16% respectively. The mid-diameter class (6-11 cm) was the top contributor of the total biomass/carbon in both OR and PP in the latest re-inventory (2020). The present results show that lianas, although known to negatively affect the forest biomass/carbon stock, play an important role in carbon sequestration, thus providing insights into their ecological importance which will certainly be useful in proposing strategies for the conservation of this forest type dominated by lianas.







  • Evaluation of the effects of calabash chalk on the haematological profile of Wistar rats (2022-09-23)


    Bruno C. CHINKO
    University of Port Harcourt, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Human Physiology, Port Harcourt
    https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0457-2853
    Fortune S. AMAH-TARIAH
    University of Port Harcourt, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Human Physiology, Port Harcourt
    Ifeoma C. EKENNA
    University of Port Harcourt, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Port Harcourt
    Oghomena A. OKPA
    University of Port Harcourt, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Human Physiology, Port Harcour

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311281


    Calabash chalk is a naturally geophagic mineral composed mainly of fossilized seashells or an artificial preparation of a combination of clay, mud, and sand. It is one of the widely consumed earth materials in the practice of geophagia. The present study is aimed at evaluating the effects of oral administration of calabash chalk on haematological parameters and body weight using Wistar rat models. Ten (10) healthy female mice and twenty (20) adults female Wistar rats weighing 20-30 g and 160 -200 g were used for the determination of the LD50 and the experimental study respectively. Locally sourced calabash chalk was orally administered to the Wistar rats at 400, 600 and 800 mg/kg respectively for twenty-eight (28) days. Haematological parameters were determined using a standard automated procedure. The result of the study shows that there was a significant decrease in red blood cell count, haemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, total white blood cell count, neutrophils, lymphocytes, mid-range absolute and platelet counts among the experimental groups compared to the control (p<0.05). Also, there was a significant reduction in the percentage of weight changes among the experimental animals compared to the control (p<0.05). The present study has shown that despite the wide safety margin of calabash chalk, it can depress haematopoiesis by reducing the red blood cell, white blood cell and platelet counts.







  • Great doctors and scientists from the East: from princes of Persia, to icons of Asian science (2022-09-27)


    Mohamad Hesam SHAHRAJABIAN
    Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081
    Wenli SUN
    Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081

    DOI: 10.15835/nsb14311288


    Asian scholars especially from Iran and China preserved most of the wisdom and knowledge of antiquity in their writing and they had great influence even on both European traditional and modern medical sciences. The current searching was done by the keywords in main indexing systems including PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus and Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science as well as the search engine of Google Scholar. Avicenna famous book was Canon, which reviewed all medical knowledge studied by the ancient Greek and Muslim scientists. Avicenna has introduced many medicinal plants and herbs and its knowledge influenced by both Eastern and Western traditional science. Rhazes was a great Persian alchemist, musician, mathematician, philosopher and physician. Bian Que was one of the most famous medical man and physician in ancient China who attached particular importance to the changes in the pulse examination. He is known as the founder of traditional Chinese medicine, and his four diagnostic methods were inspection, smelling and listening, inquiry, and palpation. Hua Tuo, Zhang Zhongjing, and Ge Hong were eclectic philosophers who dedicated his life to searching for physical immortality and traditional Chinese medicine, which he thought was attainable through alchemy. Sun Simiao also valued sanitation, exercise and disease prevention. Li Shizhen, a famous Chinese scholar who compiled a highly influential material medica. It is recommended to survey on their rules in different majors with details in future studies to make a better connection between modern and historical medical science.





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    Polyploidization and speciation: patterns of natural hybridization and gene flow in basil (Ocimum spp.) (2022-09-23)


    Joshua O. MATTHEW
    National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Ibadan
    https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3401-9327
    Matthew OZIEGBE
    Obafemi Awolowo University, Botany Department, Ile-Ife
    Sekinat Okikiola Azeez
    Botany Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
    https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1324-7136
    Titilayo E. AJOSE
    National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Ibadan
    Mercy E. OKOYO
    National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Ibadan

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311289


    The genus Ocimum maintains rich diversity of species through natural and artificial outcrossing. Africa is named as one of the epicentres of plant diversity including numerous Ocimum species. Cytological evidence has attributed such diversity to extensive genome augmentation through selection, speciation, polyploidy and hybridization. This study identified polyploidy as the major natural phenomenon that drives successful hybridization programs or otherwise, within and among four Ocimum species studied and showed rate of gene exchange among the concerned species. All Ocimum species and variants used were grown for two generations before hybridization experiments were carried out. Interspecific and intraspecific reciprocal crossing was done. The crossed flowers were monitored for flower abortion and fruit formation. The resulting progenies from successful crosses were raised along with their parents and evaluated for all identifiable agronomic character differences and similarities. All viable seeds resulted from crosses involving at least one polyploid parent (tetraploids O. basilicum, O. canum and O. americanum). The intra- and interspecific hybridization programs recorded success within O. basilicum and between O. basilicum and tetraploid O. canum. Hybridization within O. canum was difficult due to differences in ploidy levels of O. canum parents used. Hybrid progenies obtained within O. basilicum parents (b1 and b2) and between b2 and tetraploid O. canum possessed morphological characters related to b2 parent while offspring from crosses between b1 and c1 combined characters from both parents. Pollen fertility in both O. basilicum and O. canum parents and their reciprocal crosses was more than 50 percent. O. basilicum displayed higher gene exchange capacity than other species.  O. kilimandscharicum and O. americanum parents exhibited allopatric behaviour and low crossability with other seemingly sympatric species used in the study. Genome imbalance and incompatibility were associated with some of the possible causes of sterility.







  • Diversity of butterflies in Victoria Park Reserve Forest, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India (2022-09-23)


    Devanshi TRIVEDI
    Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Sir P. P. Institute of Science, Zoology Department, Bhavnagar, Gujarat
    Vishal M. MAKWANA
    Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Sir P. P. Institute of Science, Zoology Department, Bhavnagar, Gujarat
    https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6343-9449
    Ashish H. SHUKLA
    Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Sir P. P. Institute of Science, Zoology Department, Bhavnagar, Gujarat
    Pravinsang P. DODIA
    Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Sir P. P. Institute of Science, Zoology Department, Bhavnagar, Gujarat

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311293


    Documentation of biodiversity is crucial for examining the health of ecosystems. Many species act as an ecological indicator due to their susceptibility to changes in a particular environment. Butterflies, providing vital ecosystem services, respond uniquely to urbanization and can be a good tool for the assessment of the well-being of the habitat. The present study, one of its first kind in the particular habitat, provides a comprehensive outlook on the species diversity and abundance of butterflies at Victoria Park Reserve Forest, an urban forest area in Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India. The survey was conducted from March 2018 to February 2019 across all seasons. A total of 69 species belonging to 45 genera and five different families were recorded. The most diverse family was Lycaenidae (33.33%), followed by Nymphalidae (31.88%), Pieridae (21.74%), Papilionidae (7.25%), and Hesperiidae (5.80%). Junonia , was the dominant genus with six species. Out of the total recorded species,12 species are listed under the Least Concern category of the IUCN red list and 57 species are Not Evaluated. Seasonal variation in the number of species was observed, which shows the highest number of species in September (n=63) and the lowest in May (n=22). The abundance of the butterfly community was found to be highest during August (26.37%) and the lowest during February (1.85%). This study provided an understanding of the butterfly community in the habitat and would encourage further research for habitat restoration in the reserve forest.  







  • Inhibitory potential of rutin on lipopolysaccharide-induced toxicity and inflammatory response of raw U937 cells and macrophages (2022-09-23)


    Tebekeme OKOKO
    Niger Delta University, Department of Biochemistry
    Faith O. ROBERT
    Niger Delta University, Department of Biochemistry

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311294


    Rutin is an important flavonoid found in plants with enormous pharmacological activities in various experimental models while lipopolysaccharide is an amphipathic glycolipid with potent inflammatory activity. The protective effect of rutin on lipopolysaccharide-mediated cytotoxity and inflammatory effect on U937 cells and macrophages was investigated. U937 cells were incubated with or without rutin (50 - 200 µM) and later exposed to lipopolysaccharide (5 µg/mL). Cell viability and the production of reactive oxygen species were later analyzed. In the other experiment, the cells were differentially-induced to macrophages and incubated with or without rutin before lipopolysaccharide exposure. The secretion of cytokines and expression of some transcription factors and enzymes were analyzed. It revealed that incubating cells with lipopolysaccharide alone caused significant cell death and production of reactive oxygen species which were reduced when cells were pre-incubated with rutin. Exposure of macrophages to lipopolysaccharide also resulted in significant secretion of both TNF-α and IL-6 which was reduced by rutin. Endotoxin also enhanced the expression of the transcription factors (NF-κB and iNOS) while reduced the expression of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase. The lipopolysaccharide-induced alterations in transcription were significantly reduced when macrophages were pre-incubated with rutin. Implications of the findings are discussed.





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    Comparative morphological and anatomical traits of Adenia lobata (Jacq) Engl. and Adenia cissampeloides (Planch. ex Benth.) Harms. (Passifloraceae) (2022-09-23)


    Ekeke CHIMEZIE
    University of Port Harcourt, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, P.M.B. 5323, Port Harcourt, Rivers State
    Josephine U. AGOGBUA
    University of Port Harcourt, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, P.M.B. 5323, Port Harcourt, Rivers State

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311308


    Comparative morph-anatomical studies of leaf, stem, and tendril were carried out on two Adenia species to enhance the delimitation of the species. The Adenia species have alternate phyllotaxy, simple leaf, glands at the base of their petioles, hypostomatic, similar stomata types, solitary crystal, similar vascular bundle type, tanniferous cells, and dorsiventral leaves. Both species have tetracytic and anomocytic stomata in addition A. lobata had paracytic, and anisocytic stomata. Mucilaginous cells or cavities occurred in the petiole, leaf lamina, midrib, stem, and the tendril of A. cissampeloides but were only observed in the tendril and upper epidermis of A. lobata. The mucilaginous and tanniferous cells were more abundant in A. cissampeloides compared to A. lobata and could account for the reason why A. cissampeloides is used as fish poison. The sclereids in A. cissampeloides are surrounded by lignified cells while the ones in A. lobata do not have such feature. Also, xylem cells in the A. cissampeloides tendril are thicker compared to A. lobata. This could be attributed to the fact that the fruits in A. cissampeloides are directly attached to the tendril. The outline and number of vascular bundles in the midrib and petiole differed among the two species. In A. lobata, the ridge averaged 130 µm thick and 73.76 µm in A. cissampeloides. The analysed characteristics are valuable in the delimitation of these Adenia species.





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    Effect of magnetic treatment of irrigation water on germination, growth, yield and popping-quality of popcorn under deficit irrigation (2022-09-23)


    Kamorudeen O. YUSUF
    University of Ilorin, Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Ilorin
    Rukayat O. TOKOSI
    University of Ilorin, Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Ilorin
    Mubaraq RAJI
    University of Ilorin, Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Ilorin

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311323 


    Popcorn is an important crop that is grown for consumption and snacks production in Nigeria however; it has low production and poor yield to meet the demand in the country. This study was conducted to determine the effect of magnetic treatment of irrigation water (MTIW) on the percentage germination (GP), growth rate (GR), popping-quality and yield of popcorn under deficit irrigation. MTIW was produced by passing the water through pipe surrounded with neodymium magnet rated 1.3 Tesla. Popcorn (FRESHTOP variety) was planted in 16 buckets for MTIW and 16 buckets for non-magnetic water (NMW, as control). Four levels of water application as the treatments with 100% water requirements (1.5 liters), 80% (1.2 liters), 60% (0.9 liters) and 50% (0.75 liters) were applied to the popcorn irrigated with MTIW or NMW and monitored for 100 days. The popcorn was thinned to 1 bucket-1 and grown in a garden shed of 5 by 5m and 3m high at the center and 2.5m at the edges. GP of the popcorn at 100%, 80%, 60% and 50% for MW were 75%, 88%, 75%, 63% and for NMW, were 50%, 63%, 50% and 50%, respectively. Mean grain yield after shelled for 100%, 80%%, 60% and 50% with MTIW were 43.43, 50.86, 39.65 and 35.80 g/bucket and corresponding grain yield for NMW were 29.20, 39.43, 37.27 and 28.41 gbucket-1. Water applied at 80% produced the highest yield. MTIW increased the yield of popcorn by 48.73%, 28.88%, 6.39% and 26.01% for 100%, 80%, 60% and 50%, respectively. MTIW is recommended for growing ‘FRESHTOP’ variety popcorn. 







  • The influence of Staphylococcus infections on the evolution of hospitalized patients: The experience of the surgical department of IRGH Cluj-Napoca (2022-09-23)


    Corina M. CRISAN
    Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 8 Victor Babes Street, 400012 Cluj-Napoca; Prof. Dr. O. Fodor Regional Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 5 Constanta Street, 400158 Cluj-Napoca
    Stanca L. PANDREA
    Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 8 Victor Babes Street, 400012 Cluj-Napoca; Prof. Dr. O. Fodor Regional Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 5 Constanta Street, 400158 Cluj-Napoca
    Manuela TOMPA
    Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 8 Victor Babes Street, 400012 Cluj-Napoca; Prof. Dr. O. Fodor Regional Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 5 Constanta Street, 400158 Cluj-Napoca
    Teodora MOCAN
    Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 8 Victor Babes Street, 400012 Cluj-Napoca; Prof. Dr. O. Fodor Regional Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 5 Constanta Street, 400158 Cluj-Napoca
    Aida PUIA
    Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 8 Victor Babes Street, 400012 Cluj-Napoca
    Lucian MOCAN
    Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 8 Victor Babes Street, 400012 Cluj-Napoca; Prof. Dr. O. Fodor Regional Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 5 Constanta Street, 400158 Cluj-Napoca

    DOI: 10.55779/nsb14311332


    Despite recent scientific advances in diagnosis and treatment of human infections, bacterial infections continue to affect human health. The rate of morbidity and mortality caused by staphylococcal infections remains high and continues to be a threat to public health worldwide. Staphylococcal infections affect the population at risk regardless the level of country development. The highest risk categories include people with immunodeficiency, those with prolonged antibiotic treatment and repeated hospitalizations, patients with implanted medical devices or undergoing medical invasive procedures. The objective of this study was to analyse the influence of staphylococcal infection diagnosed during hospitalization on the evolution of patients admitted during two consecutive years, in surgical and intensive care wards in IRGH (Regional Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology) Cluj-Napoca, Romania, having as main diagnosis of hospitalization surgical digestive diseases along with other comorbidities. The occurrence of staphylococcal infection was associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates in patients included in the study.