Testicular Morphology and Sperm Motility in Cultured African Catfish (<i>Clarias gariepinus</i>) at Different Stages of Development

  • Chidozie Nwabuisi OKOYE University of Nigeria, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Obstetrics and Reproductive Diseases, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • Udensi Maduabuchi IGWEBUIKE University of Nigeria, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • Anietie Francis UDOUMOH University of Nigeria, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • Chinadindu Tochukwu OKEREKE University of Nigeria, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Obstetrics and Reproductive Diseases, Nsukka, Nigeria

Abstract

Testicular morphology and sperm motility were evaluated in cultured Clarias gariepinus (n = 25) purposively assigned to five groups according to their age. The results showed that the testes were paired, elongated, dorso-ventrally flattened structures, situated in the caudal aspects of the body cavity. The mean length of both right and left testes increased linearly with age, being significantly (p < 0.05) higher at 6 months than at 4 and 5 months of age, and also significantly (p < 0.05) higher at 8 months than at 6 months of age, while the mean weight and organo-somatic index of the catfish testes increased linearly until 6 months of age, after which no significant (p > 0.05) increase in the testicular weight and organo-somatic index was observed. Unidirectional progressive movement of spermatozoa was detected in the milt of C. gariepinus at 6, 7 and 8 months of age, but sperm cells were non-motile at 4 and 5 months of age. Histological sections showed seminiferous lobules, whose germinal epithelia were characterized by many cysts enclosing clones of sperm cells. Each cyst enclosed a clone of sperm cells at an identical stage of spermatogenesis. Spermatids and spermatozoa were present in the lumen of the seminiferous lobule. The obtained results indicate that the morphology of the testes of C. gariepinus is similar to the testes of members of the order Siluriformes, but sexual maturity and production of motile spermatozoa may be achieved at 6 months of age in the African catfish.

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Published
2016-09-22
How to Cite
OKOYE, C. N., IGWEBUIKE, U. M., UDOUMOH, A. F., & OKEREKE, C. T. (2016). Testicular Morphology and Sperm Motility in Cultured African Catfish (<i>Clarias gariepinus</i&gt;) at Different Stages of Development. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 8(3), 281-285. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb839873
Section
Research articles