Phytochemical Contents of Five Artemisia Species

  • Murat KURSAT Bitlis Eren University, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Department of Biology, Bitlis, 13000
  • Irfan EMRE Firat University, Faculty of Education, Department of Primary Education, 23119, Elazig
  • Okkeş YILMAZ Firat University, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Department of Biology, 23119, Elazig
  • Semsettin CIVELEK Firat University, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Department of Biology, 23119, Elazig
  • Ersin DEMIR Duzce University, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, Duzce
  • Ismail TURKOGLU Firat University, Faculty of Education, Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education, Elazig
Keywords: Artemisia; fatty acid; flavonoid; sterol; vitamin

Abstract

In the present study, the fatty acid compositions, vitamin, sterol contents and flavonoid constituents of five Turkish Artemisia species (A. armeniaca, A. incana , A. tournefortiana, A. haussknechtii and A. scoparia) were determined by GC and HPLC techniques. The results of the fatty acid analysis showed that Artemisia species possess high saturated fatty acid compositions. On the other hand, the studied Artemisia species were found to have low vitamin and sterol contents. Eight flavononids (catechin, naringin, rutin, myricetin, morin, naringenin, quercetin, kaempferol) were determined in the present study. It was found that Artemisia species contained high levels of flavonoids. Morin (45.35 ± 0.65 – 1406.79 ± 4.12 μg/g) and naringenin (15.32 ± 0.46 – 191.18 ± 1.22 μg/g) were identified in all five species. Naringin (268.13 ± 1.52 – 226.43 ± 1.17 μg/g) and kaempferol (21.74 ± 0.65 – 262.19 ± 1.38 μg/g) contents were noted in the present study. Present research showed that the studied Artemisia taxa have high saturated fatty acids and also rich flavonoid content.

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Published
2015-12-13
How to Cite
KURSAT, M., EMRE, I., YILMAZ, O., CIVELEK, S., DEMIR, E., & TURKOGLU, I. (2015). Phytochemical Contents of Five Artemisia Species. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 7(4), 495-499. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb749683
Section
Research article