Antioxidant Enzymes and Physiological Responses of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) to Iron Application, under Water Deficit Condition

  • Kayvan Fathi AMIRKHIZ Shahed University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Tehran (IR)
  • Majid Amini DEHAGHI Shahed University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Tehran (IR)
  • Siavash HESHMATI Shahed University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Tehran (IR)
Keywords: Fe; osmotic regulator; plant metabolites; reactive oxygen species; water stres

Abstract

The effect of soil and foliar iron (Fe) application on the activity of some antioxidant enzymes and plant metabolites of Carthamus tinctorius L. (IL111), under water stress conditions was tested. The results showed that under drought stress conditions, the activity of ascorbate peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, polyphenol oxidase and catalase enzymes increased with soil application of Fe. In contrast, the activity of peroxidase enzyme under drought conditions increased with foliar application of Fe treatments. In general, leaf total soluble proteins, proline and malondialdehyde amounts were affected by interaction effects of drought stress and Fe. The results showed that leaf total soluble proteins had a positive reaction to soil and foliar applications of Fe. The result of this interaction effects showed that soil application of Fe is able to decrease malondialdehyde amount under water stress conditions. In addition, it was indicated that soil application of Fe in drought stress conditions lead to increasing proline. In conclusion, soil and foliar application of Fe during drought stress may counteract negative effects of such stress and enhance safflower tolerance to drought by increasing some antioxidant enzymes and plant metabolites (organic compounds such as proline and soluble proteins).

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Published
2015-06-21
How to Cite
AMIRKHIZ, K. F., DEHAGHI, M. A., & HESHMATI, S. (2015). Antioxidant Enzymes and Physiological Responses of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) to Iron Application, under Water Deficit Condition. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 7(2), 203-209. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb729456
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb729456