Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus Moench) as Influenced by Compost Application under Different Light Intensities

  • Victor A. DADA University of Ibadan, Department of Crop Protection and Environmental Biology, Ibadan (NG)
  • Sifau A. ADEJUMO University of Ibadan, Department of Crop Protection and Environmental Biology, Ibadan (NG)
Keywords: light; nutrients; okra; organic amendment; soil; yield

Abstract

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is one of the popular vegetables, especially rich in iron, vitamins and other minerals. Poor soil fertility and inconsistent light intensity, due to unfavorable weather condition, reduce okra performance. Response of two okra varieties (‘NH47-4’ and ‘Clemson spine’) to different rates of compost (0, 5, 10 and 15 t/ha), under different light intensities (L0: control (no reduction) or 100% light intensity, L1: 33%, L2: 46% and L3: 76%, light reduction) were assessed in pot and field trials. The experimental design was a factorial experiment fitted in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). Data on growth and yield attributes were collected. The results showed that the reduction in light intensity (L3) increased the numbers of fruits and leaf area by 50 and 47% respectively on the field, but delayed flowering. High light intensity (L0) though enhanced leaf area formation and early flowering, but hastened leaf senescence and abscission. Compost generally increased growth rate, leaf area and dry matter accumulation of the two okra cultivars compared to control under varying light intensities. Compost at 15 t/ha performed better and increased fruit number by 66% on the field. Between the two cultivars, ‘Clemson spine’ responded better than ‘NH47-4’ plants in terms of yield. Low light intensity (76% light reduction) in combination with higher compost rate however enhanced prolonged fruiting and leaf formation in the two okra varieties. The application of compost at 15 t/ha is therefore recommended for optimum yield of okra under low light intensity.

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Published
2015-06-21
How to Cite
DADA, V. A., & ADEJUMO, S. A. (2015). Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus Moench) as Influenced by Compost Application under Different Light Intensities. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 7(2), 217-226. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb729437
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb729437