Heterogeneity of Soil and Vegetation in the Urban Habitats of New Industrial Cities in the Desert Landscape of Egypt

  • Monier Abd EL-GHANI Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613
  • Reinhard BORNKAMM Institute of Ecology, Technical University Berlin, Rothenburgstr. 12, D-12165 Berlin
  • Nadia EL-SAWAF Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613
  • Hamdiya TURKY Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613

Abstract

The relationship between vegetation and soil supporting the habitats in 4 new industrial cities were assessed. Five main habitats were distinguished from inner city toward outskirts: lawns, home gardens, public gardens, waste lands and desert outskirts. After application of Twinspan, 26 vegetation groups were identified in the 5 recognized habitats, demonstrating that some groups are chatracteristic of a certain city, e.g. Asphodelus aestivus - Deverra tortuosa - Thymelaea hirsuta group was confined to the desert habitat of Burg El-Arab city; Thymelaea hirsuta - Linaria albifrons and Atriplex halimus - Atriplex lindleyi subsp. inflata - Suaeda vermiculata - Typha domingensis groups were found in the waste lands of Burg El-Arab city; Conyza bonariensis - Cynodon dactylon - Sonchus oleraceus group in the home garden habitat of 10th Ranadan city; Cynodon dactylon group in the lawns of Burg El-Arab city; Bassia indica - Plantago major group in the public gardens of Burg El-Arab city; Oxalis corniculata - Plantago lagopus group in the public gardens of 10th Ramadan city; Sonchus oleraceus - Cynodon dactylon and Dactyloctenium aegyptium - Leptochloa fusca - Phragmites australis groups in the public gardens of 6th October city. Silt, clay, organic matter, carbonates and carbon contents showed significant diffrences among the 5 habitats.

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Author Biographies

Monier Abd EL-GHANI, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY AND MICROBIOLOGY; PROFESSOR
Nadia EL-SAWAF, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613
Department of Botany and Microbiology; Professor
Hamdiya TURKY, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613
Department of Botany and Microbiology; Lecturer
Published
2015-03-20
How to Cite
EL-GHANI, M. A., BORNKAMM, R., EL-SAWAF, N., & TURKY, H. (2015). Heterogeneity of Soil and Vegetation in the Urban Habitats of New Industrial Cities in the Desert Landscape of Egypt. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 7(1), 26-36. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb719433
Section
Research article