Impact of Exogenous Elicitors on Artemisinin Production and Trichome Density in Artemisia annua L. under Subtropical Conditions

  • Alka Jagdish DANGASH Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara 390 002, Gujarat, India (IN)
  • Neeta PANDYA Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara 390 002, Gujarat, India (IN)
  • Ashish BHARILLYA Ipca Laboratories Ltd, Sejavta, Ratlam 457002, Madhya Pradesh, India (IN)
  • Ashween JHALA Ipca Laboratories Ltd, Sejavta, Ratlam 457002, Madhya Pradesh, India (IN)
  • Dharamchand JAIN Ipca Laboratories Ltd, Sejavta, Ratlam 457002, Madhya Pradesh, India (IN)
Keywords: Artemisia; artemisinin; sesquiterpene; terpenoids; trichome

Abstract

Artemisinin is a sesquiterpene lactone found in Artemisia annua having many medicinal properties. Therefore the factors affecting trichome initiation are important. In the present study, several strategies have been adapted to increase artemisinin production by treating them with nutrients, hormones and elicitors. Abscisic acid, Gibberellic acid (GA3), a combination of GA3+IAA (Gibberellic acid+indole acetic acid), Chitosan, Methyl jasmonate, Acetyl salicylic acid, Lead acetate, sodium chloride, and Nanozime were sprayed on plant at regular intervals. The glandular trichomes of leaves from Artemisia annua (Asteraceae) were examined by light and scanning electron microscopy and the percentage artemisnin content was analyzed by HPTLC. Maximum artemisinin content % and trichome index (0.128) was found when methy jasmonate was applied and minimum artemisinin content % and trichome index was reported in NaCl & acetyl salicylic acid.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
Published
2014-09-22
How to Cite
DANGASH, A. J., PANDYA, N., BHARILLYA, A., JHALA, A., & JAIN, D. (2014). Impact of Exogenous Elicitors on Artemisinin Production and Trichome Density in Artemisia annua L. under Subtropical Conditions. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 6(3), 349-353. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb639109
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb639109