Distribution of Wild and Cultivated Grapes in Turkey

Authors

  • Ibrahim H UZUN Akdeniz University, Faculty of Agriculture, Antalya
  • Arzu BAYIR Akdeniz University, Faculty of Agriculture, Antalya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb245397

Keywords:

wild grapes, grape cultivars, Turkey

Abstract

Turkey is one of main gene centers in the world for grapes. It is believed that cultivated grapes have their origins in Turkey and the surrounding countries. Vitis vinifera ssp sylvestris is the only wild grape species in this region. That is why Turkey has a very large amount of wild grapevine populations and grape cultivars which offer to grapevine breeders a valuable gene pool. Wild grapevines have significant characters for inducing the resistence to biotic and abiotic stress factors, such as resistance to lime, drought, pests and diseases. Turkey has over 1.600 local grape cultivars, among which the majority of them are conserved at the national grape collection vineyard in Tekirdağ. They are mostly used as table grapes, dried grapes or for local consumptions. Wild grapes are distributed all over the country territory, mainly in the river basins and forests. Wild grape collection vineyards were established at some universities in Turkey. These grapevines will be screened for the resistance to biotic and abiotic stress factors.

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Published

2010-12-05

How to Cite

UZUN, I. H., & BAYIR, A. (2010). Distribution of Wild and Cultivated Grapes in Turkey. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 2(4), 83–87. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb245397

Issue

Section

Research articles