Intercropping of Cereals and Legumes for Forage Production


  • Hamdollah ESKANDARI University of Payame Noor, Department of Agriculture, Omidieh branch, Omidieh (IR)
  • Ahmad GHANBARI University of Zabol, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Zabol (IR)
  • Abdollah JAVANMARD Azad University of Mahabad, Faculty Member of Islamic, Mahabad (IR)



Barley; crude protein; forage quality; mixed cropping; maize; whea


Cereals are high important in feeding ruminant animals for their high dry matter production and low cost. However, cereals forage is poor in protein content which shows their low quality and nutritive value. Regarding to high feed costs of protein supplementations, legumes can be used in livestock nutrition for their high protein content and, thus, providing cost saving. Since legumes have low dry matter yield, acceptable forage yield and quality can obtained from intercropping of cereals and legumes compared with their sole crops. In this paper, forage quality indicators and different factors affecting forage quality are discussed. Forage production and quality of different cereals-legumes intercropping are also reviewed, where; different legumes had different effect on forage quality when intercropped with specific cereal. Regarding to forage quality and quantity, different cereals also led to different production of forage. A number of factors which must be noticified in selecting cereal-legume intercropping compositions, especially for forage production, were considered.


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How to Cite

ESKANDARI, H., GHANBARI, A., & JAVANMARD, A. (2009). Intercropping of Cereals and Legumes for Forage Production. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 1(1), 07–13.



Review articles
DOI: 10.15835/nsb113479

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