Genetic differences as estimators of osmotic adjustment and source-sink balance in grapevine hybrid elites
Keywords:cellular level, potassium cation, translocation, turgor, water potential, water stress
This study deals with the best responses of a diverse collection of grapevine genotypes to osmotic stress associated with source-sink balance responses given by an estimator such as leaf area to fruit ratio. ‘Centennial Seedless’, a drought tolerant cultivar, was selected as control. The cultivars, ‘Victoria’ and ‘Argessis’, were chosen as a repetition from previous research dealing with pollen grain test, two years ago. Ten genotypes were hybrid elites in first and second hybrid generations. Three cultivars ‘Victoria’, ‘Centennial Seedless’, and ‘Argessis’ were grown under field conditions in containers, and in the soil under greenhouse conditions. Significant differences were found between genotypes for both responses to osmotic stress and source-sink balance. ‘Centennial Seedless’ and ‘BP9’ hybrid showed the best responses of induced osmotic adjustment; results confirmed the compensatory potassium uptake theory. ‘Victoria’ and ‘Argessis’ had almost the same average values as ‘Centennial Seedless’ osmotic estimator for induced osmotic adjustment. ‘Victoria’ and ‘HR7’ hybrid showed an increase in osmotic stress in the cell, after application of polyethylene glycol solutions without potassium cation and a lower source-sink ratio, which could be associated with higher photosynthesis rates. No correlations were identified between the mechanisms expressed by the analyzed estimators, indicating that they are activated and functional separately from each other, sometimes only compensatory.
Archer E, Strauss HC (1989). Effect of shading on the performance of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture 10:74-77. https://doi.org/10.21548/10-2-2290
Armengaud P, Sulpice R, Miller AJ, Stitt M, Amtmann A, Gibon Y (2009). Multilevel analysis of primary metabolism provides new insights into the role of potassium nutrition for glucolysis and nitrogen assimilation in Arabidopsis roots. Plant Physiology 150:772-785. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.108.133629
Bota J, Stasyk O, Flexas J, Medrano H (2004b). Effect of water stress on partitioning of 14C-labelled photosynthates in Vitis vinifera. Functional Plant Biology 31:697-708. https://doi.org/10.1071/FP03262
Chouzouri A, Schultz HR (2005). Hydraulic anatomy, cavitation susceptibility and gas-exchange of several grapevine cultivars of different geographic origin. Acta Horticulturae 689:325-331. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.689.38
Clarkson DT, Hanson JB (1980). The mineral nutrition of higher plants. Annual Review in Plant Physiology 31:239-298. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pp.31.060180.001323
Cohen (1992b). Statistical power analysis. Current Directions in Psychological Science 1(3):98-101. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8721. ep 10768783
Conde BC, Agasse A, Glissant D, Tavares RM, Geros H, Delrot S (2006). Pathways of glucose regulation of monosaccharide transport in grape cells. Plant Physiology 141:1563-1577. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.106.080804
Daudet FA, Lacointe A, Gaudillère JP, Cruiziat P (2002). Generalized Münch coupling between sugar and water fluxes for modeling carbon allocation as affected by water status. Journal of Theoretical Biology 214:481-498. https://doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2001.2473
David M, Tița A, Toma DI, Ciobotea CM, Bănuță FM (2020). Pollen grain expression of osmotic adjustment as a screening method on drought tolerance in several wine and table grape genotypes. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 12(4):869-883. https://doi.org/10.15835/12/4108/43
Delas J, Molot C, Soyer JP (1989). Qualité et constitution des raisins de cuve: fertilization minérale de la vigne et teneurs en potassium des baies, des moûts et des vins. In: 4Ème Symposium International d'Oenologie-Actualités Oenologiques, Bordeaux, France, Dunod, Paris, pp 1-6.
Dokoozlian N, Kliewer MW (1996). Influence on light on grape berry growth and composition varies during fruit development. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 121:869-874. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.121.5.869
Dobrei A, Rotaru L, Morelli S (2008). Ampelografie [Ampelography]. In: Dobrei A, Rotaru L, Morelli S (Eds). Ampelografie [Ampelography]. Solness, Timișoara.
Dry PR, Loveys BR, Mccarthy MG, Stoll M (2001). Strategic irrigation management in Australian vineyards. Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin 35:129-139. https://doi.org/10.20870/oeno-one.2001.35.3.1699
Düring H, Lang A, Oggionni F (1987). Patterns of water flow in Riesling berries in relation to developmental changes in their xylem morphology. Vitis 26:123-131. https://doi.org/10.5073/vitis.1987.26.123-131
Findlay N, Oliver KJ, Nii N, Coombe BG (1987). Solute accumulation by grape pericarp cells: IV. Perfusion of pericarp apoplast via the pedicel and evidence for xylem malfunction in ripening berries. Journal of Experimental Botany 38:668-679. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/38.4.668
Fouquet R, Leon C, Ollat N, Barrieu F (2008). Identification of grapevine aquaporins and expression analysis in developing berries. Plant Cell Reports 27:1541-1550. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-008-0566-1
Ganbale F, Uozumi N (2006). Properties of shaker-type potassium channels in higher plants. The Journal of Membrane Biology 210:1-19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00232-006-0856-x
Galinski EA (1995). Osmoadaptation in bacteria. Advances in Microbial Physiology 37:272-328. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2911(08)60148-4
Glăman G, Dejeu L, Brândușe E, Șerdinescu A, Ion M (2018). Soiuri noi de viță-de-vie și portaltoi create în România [New grapevine cultivars and rootstock genotypes obtained in Romania]. In: Glăman G, Dejeu L, Brândușe E, Șerdinescu A, Ion M (Eds). Ampelografia României [Romanian Ampelography] IX. Ceres București [Bucharest] pp 63-64, 81-83, 185-186, 215-217, 395, 396, 397, 407, 408.
Hale CR (1977). Relation between potassium and the malate and tartrate contents of grape berries. Vitis 16:9-19. https://doi.org/10.5073/vitis.1977.16.9-19
Hays WL (1981). Statistics. In: Hays WL (Ed). Holt Rinehart and Winston, New York.
Keller M, Zhang Y, Shrestha PM, Biondi M, Bondada BR (2015). Sugar demand of ripening grape berries leads to recycling of surplus phloem water via the xylem. Plant Cell and Environment 38:1048-1059. https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12465
Lang A (1983). Turgor-related translocation. Plant Cell and Environment 6:683-689. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-3040.ep11589312
Lovisolo C, Perrone I, Carra A, Ferrandino A, Flexas J, Medrano H, Schubert A (2010). Drought-induced changes in development and function of grapevine (Vitis spp) organs in their hydraulic and non-hydraulic interactions at whole-plant level: a physiological and molecular update. Functional Plant Biology 37:98-116. https://doi.org/10.1071/FP09191
Morgan JM (1999). Pollen grain expression of a gene controlling differences in osmoregulation in wheat leaves: a simple breeding method. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 50:953-962. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR98143
Parker AK (2012). Modelling phenology and maturation of the grapevine Vitis vinifera L.: varietal differences and the role of leaf area to fruit weight ratio manipulations. PhD Thesis, Lincoln University, New Zealand.
Patil BS, Ravikumar RL (2011). Osmotic adjustment in pollen grains: a measure of drought adaptation in sorghum? Current Science 100(3):377-382. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257299541
Petrie PR, Trought MCT, Howell GS (2000c). Influence of leaf ageing, leaf area and crop load on photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and senescence of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Pinot Noir) leaves. Vitis 39:31-36. https://doi.org/10.5073/vitis.2000.39.31-36
Pratelli R, Lacombe B, Torregrosa L, Gaymard F, Romieu C, Thibaud J, Sentenac H (2002). A grapevine gene enconding a guard cell K+ channel displays developmental regulation in the grapevine berry. Plant Physiology 128:564-577. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.010529
Quick WP, Chaves MM, Wendler R, David M, Rodrigues ML, Passaharinho JA, … Stitt M (1992). The effect of water stress on photosynthetic carbon metabolism in four species grown under field conditions. Plant Cell and Environment 15:25-35. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.1992.tb01455.x
Roby G, Matthews MA (2004). Relative proportions of seed, skin and flesh, in ripe berries from Cabernet Sauvignon grapevines grown in a vineyard either well irrigated or under water deficit. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 10:74-82. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-0238.2004.tb00009.x
Rogiers YS, Zelmari AC., Walker RR, Deloire A, Tyerman SD (2017). Potassium in the grape (Vitis vinifera L.) berry: transport and function. Plant Science 8:1629. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01629
Rojas-Lara BA, Morrison JC (1989). Differential effects of shading fruit or foliage on the development and composition of berries. Vitis 28:199-208. https://doi.org/10.5073/vitis.1989.28.199-208
Săulescu NA, Săulescu NN (1967). Câmpul de experiență [Trial field]. Editura Agro-Silvică, Bucharest.
Simonneau T, Lebon E, Ledru-Coupel A, Marguerit E, Rossdeutsch L, Ollat N (2017). Adapting plant material to face water stress in vineyards: Which physiological targets for an optimal control of plant water status? OENO One 51(2):167-179. https://doi.org/10.20870/oeno-one.2016.0.0.1870
Shabala S, Pottosin I (2014). Regulation of potassium transport in plants under hostile conditions: implications for abiotic and biotic stress tolerance. Physiologia Plantarum 151:257-279. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppl.12165
Shabala S, Bose J, Fuglsang AT, Pottosin I (2016). On a quest for stress tolerance genes: membrane transporters in sensing and adapting to hostile soils. Journal of Experimental Botany 67:1015-1031. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erv465
Smart RE, Robinson JB, Due GR, Brien CJ (1985). Canopy microclimate modification for the cultivar Shiraz. II. Effects on must and wine composition. Vitis 24:119-128. https://doi.org/10.5073/vitis.1985.24.119-128
Smith JAC, Milburn JA (1980a). Osmoregulation and the control of phloem-sap composition in Ricinus communis L. Planta 148:28-34. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00385438
Smith JAC, Milburn JA (1980b). Phloem turgor and the regulation of sucrose loading in Ricinus communis L. Planta 148:42-48. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00385440
Steel RG, Torrie JH, Dickey DA (1977). Principles and procedures of statistics: a biometrical approach, 3erd eds. WCB MC Graw-Hill, Boston.
Steen HB (1990a). Characteristics of flow cytometers. In: Melamed MR, Lindmo T, Mendelsohn ML (Eds). Flow Cytometry and Sorting. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA.
Thompson M, Holbrook N (2003). Scaling phloem transport: water potential equilibrium and osmoregulatory flow. Plant Cell and Environment 26:1561-1577. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2003.01080.x
Tyree MT, Fensom DS (1970). Some experimental and theoretical observations concerning mass flow in the vascular bundles of Heracleum. Journal of Experimental Botany 21:304-324. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/21.2.304
Țârdea C, Rotaru L (1996). Ampelografie [Ampelography. Universitatea Agronomică și de Medicină Veterinară ‘Ion Ionescu de la Brad’, Iași, pp 222.
van Bel AJE, Hafke JB (2005). Physiochemical determinants of phloem transport. In: Holbrook NM, Zwieniecki MA (Eds). Vascular transport in plants. Burlington, CA, Academic Press, pp 19-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012088457-5/50004-6
VIVC (2019). Vitis International Variety Catalogue. JKI Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants. https://www.vivc.de
Williams LE, Matthews MA (1990). Grapevine. In: Stewart BA, Nielsen DR (Eds). Irrigation of Agricultural Crops. Agronomy Monograph No. 30, (Madison: ASA-CSSA-SSSA), pp 1019-1055.
How to Cite
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SMTCT, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SMTCT supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.