Viral diseases associated to wild potatoes (Solanum L. section Petota Dumort) and its conservation in Bolivia


  • Mario COCA MORANTE Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Laboratorio de Fitopalogia, Av. Petrolera km 5, Cochabamba (BO)
  • Nelson TAPIA PONCE Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Agroecología Universidad Cochabamba (AGRUCO), Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Av. Petrolera km 5, Cochabamba (BO)



disease intensity, gene losses, in situ conservation, plant viruses, wild genotypes


Different species of wild potatoes are distributed in highlands and inter-Andean valleys of Bolivia. In recent years, potato virus’s incidence has been reported in native and modern varieties of Andean areas of Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia, which could also affect wild potatoes. The main of the present investigation was to identify potato viruses using DAS ELISA in wild potatoes species, from isolated collection places and intensive potato cultivation places in the Bolivian Andean region. Folioles samples from different wild potato species were collected considering isolated distribution areas and potato cultivation intensity areas. The samples were analysed using DAS ELISA for PRX, PVY, PLRV, APLV and APMoV viruses. The results show that in the high Andean zones and inter-Andean valleys some species are contaminated with PVX, PVY and PLRV viruses and not with APLV and APMoV. In the high Andean areas with intensive potato cultivation S. acaule is contaminated with PVX and S. megistacrolobum with PVY and PLRV; however, in the inter-Andean valley areas with intensive potato cultivation, S. brevicaule is contaminated with PVY and S. berthaultii with PVY and PLRV. In isolated or remote areas S. capsicibaccatum, S. microdontum and Solanum spp. they are not contaminated with any analysed viruses.


Metrics Loading ...


Bertschinger L, Scheidegger UC, Luther K, Pinillos O, Hidalgo A (1990). La incidencia de virus de papa en cultivares nativos y mejorados en la sierra peruana. Revista Latinoamericana de la Papa 3:62-79.

Barker H, Finlay M, Dale B (2006). Resistance to viruses in potato. In: Loebenstein G, Carr JP (Eds). Natural Resistance Mechanisms of Plants to Viruses. Springer. Netherlands pp 341-366.

Cai X K, Spooner DM, Jansky SH (2011). A test of taxonomic and biogeographic predictivity: Resistance to Potato virus Y in wild relatives of the cultivated potato. Phytopathology 101:1074-1080.

Coca Salazar Evelyn L (2018). Incidencia de virus en papas nativas en comunidades del municipio de Colomi, Cochabamba. Facultad de Ciencias y Tecnología, Carrera de Biología. Universidad Mayor de San Simón. Tesis Licenciatura en Biología. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Coca Morante M (2019). Impact of pests and diseases of Andean tubers in a context of climate change on domestication centers of Bolivia. Impreso en Talleres Gráficos “Kipus”. Cochabamba, Bolivia, pp 100.

Dempewolf H, Anderson Baute GJ, Kilian B, Smith Ch, Guarino L (2017). Past and future use of wild relatives in crop breeding. Crop Science 57:1070-1082.

Fribourg CE (1980) Historia y distribución de los virus de la papa en América Latina. Fitopatología 15 (2):13-24.

Garcia W, Gandarillas A (1992). Incidencia virotica en campos de tuberculo-semilla de papa en certificacion y campos comerciales. Revista de Agricultura 21:29-33.

Hawkes JG, Hjerting JP (1989). The potatoes of bolivia: their breeding value and evolutionary relationships. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Ford-Lloyd BV, Schmidt M, Susan J. Armstrong, Barazani Oz, Engels Jan, Hadas Rivka, … Maxted N (2011). Crop wild relatives-undervalued, underutilized and under threat? BioScience 61(7):559-565.

Kreuze JF, Souza-Dias JAC, Jeevalatha A, Figueira AR, Valkonen JPT, Jones RAC (2020). Viral diseases in potato crop. In: Campos H, Ortiz O (Eds). The Potato Crop, Its Agricultural, Nutritional and Social Contribution to Humankind. Chapter 11, pp 389-429. Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Lacomme C, Glais L, Bellstedt DU, Dupuis B, Karasev AV, Jacquot E E (2017). General characteristics of potato virus Y (PVY) and its impact on potato production - an overview. In: Lacomme C, Jacquot (Eds). Potato virus Y: biodiversity, pathogenicity, epidemiology and management pp 1-19.

Ochoa CM (1990). The potatoes of South America: Bolivia. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

Quenouille J, Vassilakos N, Moury B (2013). Potato virus Y: a major crop pathogen that has provided major insights into the evolution of viral pathogenicity. Molecular Plant Pathology 14(5):439-452.

Simko I, Shelley Jansky, Sarah Stephenson, Spooner D (2007). Genetics of resistance to pests and disease. In: Vreugdenhil D (Ed). Potato Biology and Biotechnology Advances and Perspectives. Wageningen University and Research Centre Wageningen, The Netherlands.




How to Cite

COCA MORANTE, M., & TAPIA PONCE, N. . (2021). Viral diseases associated to wild potatoes (Solanum L. section Petota Dumort) and its conservation in Bolivia. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 13(3), 10986.



Research articles
DOI: 10.15835/nsb13310986