Physiological response of maize under different fertilization management under drought condition

Keywords: chlorophyll; organic; plant nutrition; transpiration; Zea mays L.

Abstract

This work was aimed to evaluate the development of maize cultivated under different fertilization management, in order to establish an alternative for mineral fertilization. The experiment was carried out in the experimental area of Chã de Jardim, in Areia, Paraíba, Brazil. Six treatments were used with four replications. Plant height, stalk diameter, leaf number, chlorophyll a, b and total, photosynthetic rate, transpiration, stomatal conductance and internal CO2 concentration in the leaf were evaluated. In the 30 days after emergence, superiority of treatments was observed in the plants under chemical fertilization for plant height and number of leaves. For diameter of stalk the treatment organic fertilization + P and K showed superiority. At 60 days after planting the chemical fertilization provided the highest averages for plant height and stalk diameter. For the photosynthetic rate, transpiration and internal CO2 concentration, the treatment that presented the highest average was observed in plants under organic fertilization combined with P and K and N added in top-dressing. For the chlorophyll, the chemical fertilization provided the highest values. Organic fertilization in association with mineral fertilizers provided results close to those observed in mineral fertilization, being an alternative for nutritional management in maize.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Almeida AF, Grangeiro LC, Ferreira NM, Gomes VEV, Silva SA, Lacerda RRA (2020). Phosphorus use efficiency by maize cultivars for the production of green ears. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 24(8):547-553. https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v24n8p547-553

Ardelean M, Cordea M, Has V, Bors A (2012). G x E interaction on yield stability of five sweet corn hybrids grown under different agricultural systems. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 40(1):290-292. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4017222

Banzatto DA, Kronka SN (2011). Experimentação agrícola [Agricultural experimentation]. Editora Funep (4th ed), Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil (in Portuguese).

Bender RR, Haegele JW, Ruffo ML, Below FE (2013). Nutrient uptake, partitioning, and remobilization in modern, transgenic insect-protected maize hybrids. Agronomy Journal 105(1):161-170. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2012.0352

Booij R, Valenzuela JL, Aguilera C (2000). Determination of crop nitrogen status using non-invasive methods. In: Haverkort AJ, MacKerron DKL (Eds). Management of Nitrogen and Water in Potato Production. Wageningen Academic, Wageningen, Netherlands pp 72-82.

Cano FJ, Sharwood RE, Cousins AB, Ghannoum O (2019). The role of leaf width and conductance to CO2 in determining water use efficiency in C4 grasses. New Phytologist 223:1280-1295. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15920

Cavalcanti FJA (Coord.) (2008). Recomendações de adubação para o Estado de Pernambuco: 2. Aproximação [Fertilization recommendations for the State of Pernambuco: 2nd Approach]. Instituto Agronômico de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil, pp 212. (in Portuguese).

CONAB (2019). Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento. Acompanhamento de safra brasileira. Grãos. Safra 2018/2019. Monitoramento agrícola (in Portuguese). Brasília (6)4:75-80. Retrieved 2019 April 20 from https://www.conab.gov.br/info-agro/safras/graos

Crusciol CAC, Almeida DS, Alves CJ, Soratto RP, Krebsky EO, Spolidorio ES (2019). Can micronized sulfur in urea reduce ammoniacal nitrogen volatilization and improve maize grain yield?. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 19:701-711. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-019-00070-7

Fan F, Zhang H, Alandia G, Luo L, Cui Z, Niu X, ... Zhang F (2020). Long-term effect of manure and mineral fertilizer application rate on maize yield and accumulated nutrients use efficiencies in North China Plain. Agronomy 10(9):1329. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091329

Gomes ETM, Berbara RLL, Pereira MG, Urquiaga SS, Tavares OCH, Assunção SA, ... García AC (2018). Effects of farmed managements in sandy soils on composition and stabilization of soil humic substances. Land Degradation & Development 29:68-79. https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2839

Gouda S, Kerry RG, Das G, Paramithiotis S, Shin HS, Patra JK (2018). Revitalization of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria for sustainable development in agriculture. Microbiological Research 206:131-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2017.08.016

Heidari M, Jamshid P (2010). Interaction between salinity and potassium on grain yield, carbohydrate content and nutrient uptake in pearl millet. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 5(6):39-46. Retrieved 2019 June 04 from http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/1627

Karami A, Homaee M, Afzalinia S, Ruhipour H, Basirat S (2012). Organic resource management: Impacts on soil aggregate stability and other soil physico-chemical properties. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 148:22-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2011.10.021

Li Q, Yang A, Wang Z, Roelcke M, Chen X, Zhang F, … Liu X (2015). Effect of a new urease inhibitor on ammonia volatilization and nitrogen utilization in wheat in north and northwest China, Field Crops Research 175:96-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2015.02.005

Mansouri-Far C, Sanavy AMM, Saberali SF (2010). Maize yield response to deficit irrigation during low- sensitive growth stages and nitrogen rate under semi-arid climatic conditions. Agricultural Water Management 97:12-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2009.08.003

Pinto H, Sharwood RE, Tissue DT, Ghannoum O (2014). Photosynthesis of C3, C3-C4, and C4 grasses at glacial CO2. Journal of Experimental Botany 65:3669-3681. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eru155

Ribeiro JEDS, Barbosa AJS, Lopes SDF, Pereira WE, Albuquerque MBD (2018). Seasonal variation in gas exchange by plants of Erythroxylum simonis Plowman. Acta Botanica Brasilica 32:287-296. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-33062017abb0240

Smith P, House JI, Bustamante M, Sobocká J, Harper R, Genxing P, … Pugh TAM (2016). Global change pressures on soils from land use and management. Global Change Biology 22(3):1008-1028. https://doi: 10.1111/gcb.13068

Sui J, Wang JD, Gong SH, Xu D, Zhang YQ, Qin QM (2018). Assessment of maize yield‐increasing potential and optimum N level under mulched drip irrigation in the Northeast of China. Field Crop Research 215:132-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2017.10.009

Tian H, Lu C, Melillo J, Ren W, Huang Y, Xu X, … Pan S (2012). Food benefit and climate warming potential of nitrogen fertilizer uses in China. Environmental Research Letters 7:044020. https://doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044020

Ullah R, Khan MJ, Muhammad D, Fahad S, Adnan M, Wahid F, … Siddiqui MH (2020). Phosphorus nutrient management through synchronization of application methods and rates in wheat and maize crops. Plants 9(10):1389. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101389

USDA (2018). United States Department of Agriculture. World Agricultural Production, pp 29. Retrieved 2019 June 20 from https://www.fas.usda.gov/data/world-agricultural-production

Vastola A, Zdruli P, D’Amico M, Pappalardo G, Viccaro M, Napoli FD, ... Romano S (2017). A comparative multidimensional evaluation of conservation agriculture systems: A case study from a Mediterranean area of Southern Italy. Land Use Policy 68:326-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.07.034

Wiggins S (2014). African agricultural development: Lessons and challenges. Journal of Agricultural Economics 529-556. https://doi.org/10.1111/1477-9552.12075

Zhang G, Shen D, Xie R, Ming B, Hou P, Xue J, … Li S (2020). Optimizing planting density to improve nitrogen use of super high‐yield maize. Agronomy Journal 5:4147-4158. https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20334

Published
2021-03-05
How to Cite
COSTA, T. R. S., BORBA, M. A., COSTA, J. E., SOUSA, V. F. O., ALBUQUERQUE, M. B., & MIELEZRSKI, F. (2021). Physiological response of maize under different fertilization management under drought condition. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 13(1), 10880. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb13110880
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb13110880