Aqueous seed extracts of Jimson weed (Datura stramonium L.) stimulate morpho-agronomic attributes in selected soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] varieties
Keywords:agro-morphological; allelochemicals; seed extracts; soybean; stimulatory effects
Datura stramonium (L.) contains allelochemicals capable of affecting agro-morphological traits in plants. Thus, field experiment was carried out at Upper Niger River Basin Development Authority, Minna, Nigeria to examine the effects of different concentrations [25%, 50% and 100% and 0% (control)] of D. stramonium aqueous seed extracts on agro-morphological attributes of two soybean varieties (‘TG x 2018-5E’ and ‘TG x 2022-4E’), obtained from International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan. Dry seeds of the soybean were pre-soaked in the Datura seed extracts for two hours before planting in a complete randomized block design (CRBD) with three replicates each. Data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA). At maturity, D. stramonium seed extracts significantly (P ≤ 0.05) increased plant height (38.37 cm) and length of petiole (2.93 cm) for ‘TG x 2018-5E’ at 100% concentration. Significantly highest plant height (29.20 cm) and number of branches (17.00) were enhanced in ‘TG x 2022-4E’ at 50% concentration. Both ‘TG x 2018-5E’ and ‘TG x 2022-4E’ leaf areas were significantly highest (23.11 cm2 and 28.41 cm2, respectively) at 100% concentration. Yield attributes such as number of seeds per plant, weight of fresh and dry pods per plant for both ‘TG x 2018-5E’ (3.33, 1.60 and 1.32, respectively) and ‘TG x 2022-4E’ (3.00, 0.60 and 0.26, respectively) were significantly stimulated in 50% concentration while number of pods per plant was significantly highest for ‘TG x 2018-5E’ and ‘TG x 2022- 4E’ (3.33 and 3.00, respectively) in 100% concentration. On these premises higher concentrations (50% and 100%) of D. stramonium seed extracts support better morphological growth and yield characters in soybean varieties.
Adekunle AA, Chovwen A, Fatunbi AO (2005). Growing soybean commercially in Nigeria. A training manual IITA/OCDN/COL/TODEV, IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp 15. https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12478/3394
Alexander J, Diane B, Andrew C, Jean-Pierre C, Eugenia D, Alessandro D, … Philippe V (2008). Tropane alkaloids (from Datura sp.) as undesirable substances in animal feed: Scientific opinion of the panel on contaminants in the food chain. The European Food Safety Authority Journal 691:2-55. https://doi.org/10.2903/sp
Awadallah D, Hussein YH, Mustafa WN (2019). Phytotoxic effects of thorn apple (Datura stramonium L.) seed aqueous extract on seed germination of some leguminous crops using Probit analysis. International Journal of Academic Multidisciplinary Research 3:7-12. https://doi.org/10.29329/IJIAAR.2020.238.10
Butnariu M (2012). An analysis of sorghum halepense's behaviour in presence of tropane alkaloids from Datura stramonium extracts. Chemistry Central Journal 6:1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1752-153X-6-75
Daudu OAY, Falusi OA, Abubakar A, Abdulsalami H, Bello TS, Audu MAI (2020). Effects of aqueous leaf extracts of Datura stramonium on vegetative traits of selected maize (Zea mays L.) varieties in Nigeria. East Journal of Biotechnology and Genetics 2(3):31-35. https://doi.org/10.36349/easjbg.2020.v02i03.003
FAO (1994). Food and Agricultural Organisation. Fats and Oil in human nutrition. Reports of a joint export consultant, Rome, FAO Food and Nutrition paper, No. 57.
Filemon E, Mokiti TT, Patrick AN (2013). Allelopathic effects of seed and leaf aqueous extracts of Datura stramonium on leaf chlorophyll content, shoot and root elongation of Cenchrus ciliaris and Neonotonia wightii. American Journal of Plant Sciences 4:2332-2339. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.412289
Ganesh S, Radha R, Jayshree N (2015). A review on phytochemical and pharmacological status of Datura. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development 2(4):602-605.
Gniazdowska A, Bogatek R (2005). Allelopathic interactions between plants, multisite action of allelochemicals. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 27(3):395-407. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-005-0017-3
Halil B, Leyla G, Bihter O, Halis A (2017).The effects of growing seasons on some agronomic and quality characteristics of soybean varieties in mediteranean region in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Field Crops 22(2):187-196. https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.356213
Hiraoka N (1996). Genotypes and alkaloid contents of Datura metel varieties. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 19(8):1086-1089.
Isda MN, Siti F, Dan Rahmi F (2013). Potensi ekstrak daun gulma babandotan (Ageratum conyzoides L.) Terhadap perkecamibahan dan pertumbuhan Paspalum conjugatum Berg. Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi 2(6):120-125. https://doi.org/10.15408/kauniyah.v6i2.2752
Khan MS, Karim AMA, Haque MM, Karim AJMS, Mian MAK (2015). Growth and dry matter partitioning in selected soybean (Glycine max L.) genotypes. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 40(3):333-345. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjar.v40i3.25409
Kusuma D, Wardani SD, Rini B (2018). Allelochemical effects of Ageratum conyzoides L. leaf extract on soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr. Or Grobogan) growth. Journal of Physics Conference Series 1025:012044. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1025/1/012044
Mahnaz A, Hamid K, Reza A (2012). Acute Datura stramonium poisoning in east of Iran. A case series. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine 2(2):86-89. https://doi.org/10.22038/ajp.2012.37
Maibam RD, Meenakshi B, Paul SB, Sharma GD (2011). Neurotoxic and medicinal properties of Datura stramonium L. Review. Assam University Journal of Science and Technology: Biological and Environmental Sciences 7(1):139-144.
Maibam SS, Konthoujam DN, Abhay KV, Naorem GS (2008). Effect of bioregulators on growth, yield and chemical constituents of soybean (Glycine max). Journal of Agricultural Science 3(4):151. https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v3n4p151
Malik MFA., Qureshi AS, Ashraf M, Ghafoor A (2006). Genetic variability of the main yield related characters in soybean. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 8(6):815-819.
Olorunsanya EO, Babatunde RO, Orebiyi JS, Omotosho JO (2009). Economic analysis of soyabeans production in Kwara State, North-central Nigeria. Global Approaches to Extension Practices: A Journal of Agricultural Extension 5(2). https://doi.org/10.4314/gaep.v5i2.53738
Oseni OA, Olarinoye CO, Amoo IA (2011). Studies on chemical compositions and functional properties of thornapple (Datura stramonium L.) Solanaceae. African Journal of Food Science 5(2):40-44. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJFS.9000274
Oyerinde RO, Otusanya OO, Akpor OB (2009). Allelopathic effect of Tithonia diversifolia on the germination, growth and chrophyll content of maize (Zea mays L.). Scientific Research and Essay 4(12):1553-1558.
Scepanovic M, Novak N, Baric K, Ostojic Z, Galzina N, Gorsic M (2007). Allelopathic effect of two weed species Abutilon theophrasti Med. and Datura stramonium L. on germination and early growth of corn. Agronomoski Glasmik 6:459-472.
Stef R, Lamandei M, Carabet A, Grozea L, Virteiu AM, Manea D (2018). Allelopathic influence of Datura stramonium extracts on the germination and growing of soy plants. Journal of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology 22(2):30-33.
Tamiru A, Bayih T, Chimdessa M (2016). Synergistic bio-efficacy of insectidal plants against bean bruchids (Zabrotes subfasciatus: Coleoptera) a major storage pests of common bean. Journal of Fertilizers & Pesticides 7(2):1-8. https://doi.org/10.4172/2471-2728.1000171
Ugur B, Mehmet S, Abdurrahim TG, Zek MT, Esvet A (2005). Forage and grain performances of soybean lines. Journal of Central European Agriculture 6(3):397-402.
How to Cite
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SMTCT, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SMTCT supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.