Comparative analysis of energy input-outputs of different tillage methods in second crop corn production

  • Ramazan SAGLAM Harran University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Machinery and Technologies Engineering, Sanliurfa
  • Leyla SEVEN Harran University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Machinery and Technologies Engineering, Sanliurfa
  • Ferhat KUP Harran University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Machinery and Technologies Engineering, Sanliurfa
Keywords: corn; conventional tillage (CT); energy input-output; reduced tillage (RT); zero tillage (ZT)

Abstract

In this study, conventional tillage (CT), reduced tillage (RT) and zero tillage (ZT) methods energy input-output analysis during second crop corn production have been carried out. The trials were performed between 2015-2016 in Ceylanpinar Directorate of Agricultural Enterprises Karatas region, Turkey. The findings showed that among tillage methods, the least energy input was ZT (23724.15 MJ ha-1), and the most energy output was CT (138510 MJ ha-1). In energy productivity, the highest value was on ZT (5.54). The highest value in corn yield was found in CT method with 9500 kg ha-1. This is followed by ZT (9100 kg ha-1) and RT (8750 kg ha-1), respectively. As a result, although CT can be preferred due to its high yield, it has been observed that ZT and RT tillage methods should be supported especially due to its ecological and high energy productivity.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Abbas A, Yang M, Yousaf K, Ahmad M, Elahi E, Iqbal T (2018). Improving energy use efficiency of corn production by using data envelopment analysis (a non-parametric approach). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 27(7):4725-4733.

Altuntas E, Bulut ON, Ozgoz E (2019). Energy use efficiency analysis of wheat production with different soil tillage systems in dry agriculture. Anadolu Journal of Agricultural Sciences 34(1):57-64.

Altuntas E, Ozgoz E, Dede S (2008). Effect of the different tillage systems on energy use efficiency of second crop silage maize in Mid-Black Sea transition climate belt. Selcuk Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences 32(3):238-248.

Aykas E, Yalcın H, Cakır E (2005). Conservation tillage methods and direct seeding. Journal of Agriculture Faculty of Ege University 42(3):195-205.

Baran MF, Karaagac HA, Gokdogan O (2016). Energy balance of different soil tillage and planting methods on the secondary crop silage corn production, planted after the winter catch crop (wheat - vetch mixture) (2nd year results). Journal of Adnan Menderes University Agricultural Faculty 13(1):1-6.

Barut ZB, Ertekin C, Karaagac HA (2011). Tillage effects on energy use for corn silage in Mediterra-nean coastal of Turkey. Energy 36(9):5466-5475.

Bilalis D, Kamariari PE, Karkanis A, Efthimiadou A, Zorpas A, Kakabouki I (2013). Energy inputs, output and productivity in organic and conventional maize and tomato production, under Mediterranean conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 41(1):190-194.

Cakir, E, Yalcin H, Aykas E, Gulsoylu E, Okur B, Delibacak S, Ongun AR (2006). The effect of conservation tillage in direct seeding applications on the yield of second crop maize. Journal of Agricultural Machinery Science 2(2):139-146.

Canakci M, Topakci M, Akinci I, Ozmerzi A (2005). Energy use pattern of some field crops and vegetable production: case study for Antalya region, Turkey. Energy Conversion and Management 46(4):655-666.

Celen IH, Baran MF, Onler E, Bayhan Y (2017). Determination of energy balance of apple (Malus domestica) production in Turkey: a case study for Tekirdag province. Anadolu Journal of Agricultural Sciences 32(1):40-45.

Cikman A, Monis T, Saglam R, Nacar AS (2010). Application of reduced soil tillage and non-tillage agriculture techniques in Harran plain (second crop maize and sesame growing). Journal of Agricultural Machinery Science 6(4):221-228.

Dalgaard T, Halberg N, Porter JR (2001). A model for fossil energy use in Danish agriculture used to compare organic and conventional farming. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 87(1):51-65.

Derpsch R, Friedrich T, Kassam A, Hongwen L (2010). Current status of adoption of no-till farming in the world and some of its main benefits. International Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 3(1):1-25.

Ghosh S, Das TK, Sharma D, Gupta K (2019). Potential of conservation agriculture for ecosystem services: A review. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(10):1572-1579.

Gozubuyuk Z, Ozturk, I, Demir O, Celik A (2010). Comparison of various tillage-seeding systems for sunflower production in terms of some operating parameters. Journal of Agricultural machinery Science 6(4):253-259.

IEA (2019). IEA. Retrieved June, 2019 from https://www.iea.org/topics/energyefficiency/

Iqbal T (2007). Energy input and output for production of Boro rice in Bangladesh. Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry 6(5):2144-2149.

Jacobs A, Siebrecht WB, Christen O, Gotze P, Koch HJ, Rucknagelb J, Marlander B (2016). Silage maize and sugar beet for biogas production in crop rotations and continuous cultivation - energy efficiency and land demand. Field Crops Research 196:75-84.

Khaledian MR, Mailhol JC, Ruelle P, Mubarak I, Perret SR (2010). The impacts of direct seeding into mulch on the energy balance of crop production system in the SE of France. Soil and Tillage Research 106(2):218-226.

Kizilaslan H (2009). Input-output energy analysis of cherries production in Tokat Province of Turkey. Applied Energy 86(7-8):1354-1358.

Konak M, Marakoglu T, Ozbek O (2004). Energy balance at corn production. Selcuk Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences 18(34):28-30.

Kosutic S, Filipovic D, Gospodaric Z, Husnjak S, Kovacev I, Copec K (2005). Effects of different soil tillage systems on yield of maize, winter wheat and soybean on albic luvisol in North-West Slavonia. Central European Agriculture 6(3):241-248.

Kumar V, Saharawat Y, Gathala MK, Jat AS, Singh SK, Chaudhary N, Jat M (2013). Effect of different tillage and seeding methods on energy use efficiency and productivity of wheat in the Indo-Gangetic Plains. Field Crops Research 142:1-8.

Lithourgidis AS, Tsatsarelis CA, Dhima KV (2005). Tillage effects on corn emergence, silage yield, and labour and fuel inputs in double cropping with wheat. Crop Science 45(6):2523-2528.

Mani I, Kumar P, Panvar JS, Kant K (2007). Variation in energy consumption in production of wheat–maize with varying altitudes in hilly regions of Himachal Pradesh, India. Energy 32(12):2336-2339.

Marakoglu T, Carman K (2009). Nohut tarımında farklı üretim tekniklerinin enerji bilançosu. Selcuk Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences 23(48):47-50.

Morteza T, Mobtaker HG, Monjezi N (2012). Energy input-output modelling and economical analyse for corn grain production in Iran. Elixir Agriculture 52(11):11500-11505.

Oren MN, Ozturk HH (2006). An analysis of energy utilization for sustainable wheat and cotton production in Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 29(1):119-130.

Singh KP, Prakash V, Srinivas K, Srivastava AK (2008). Effect of tillage management on energy-use efficiency and economics of soybean (glycine max) based cropping systems Under the rainfed conditions in North-West Himalayan Region. Soil and Tillage Research 100(1-2):78-82.

Yalcin H, Cakir E (2006). Tillage effects and energy efficiencies of subsoiling and direct seeding in light soil on yield of second crop corn for silage in Western Turkey. Soil and Tillage Research 90(1-2):250-255.

Published
2020-06-29
How to Cite
SAGLAM, R., SEVEN, L., & KUP, F. (2020). Comparative analysis of energy input-outputs of different tillage methods in second crop corn production. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 12(2), 356-365. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb12210642
Section
Research articles