Effect of plant density on growth and yield attributes of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an economically significant seed crop in tropical regions. With the objective of studying the effect of plant density on growth and yield characteristics of common bean, four common bean varieties (‘GLP190S’, ‘NITU’, ‘ECOPALM021’ and ‘NUA99’) collected from IRAD-Cameroon and four plant spacing distances (10 cm x 10 cm, 15 cm x 15 cm, 20 cm x 20 cm and 30 cm x 30 cm) corresponding respectively to four plant density (121, 49, 36 and 16 plants/m2) were evaluated for twelve quantitative traits in a randomly completed block design with three repetitions. ANOVA and correlation analysis were performed. Means values of each trait from the ANOVA analysis was submitted to the Tukey test at 5% probability level. The effect of variety was significant for all the twelve studied traits except the number of seed per plant. Pod length, plant height, number of seeds per pod and 100 seed weights were not affected by plant density while the numbers of seeds per plant, number of pods per plant, biological and seed yield were significantly affected by plant density. Interaction effect of plant variety and plant density on seed yield, biological yield, number of pods per plant and collar diameter was significant. No positive correlation was found between plant density and any of the studied traits. Leaf width, collar diameter, number of functional leaves and number of pods per plant inversely correlated with plant density. At the lowest plant density (16 plant/m2), seed yield and biological yield correlated poorly with related quantitative traits comparing to higher plant densities. From all the studied varieties, only ‘ECOPALM021’ showed the seed yield not affected by plant density. This study also showed that the higher seed yield and important biological yield was at 16 plants/m2 plant density.
Adam PD, Weaver DB (1998). Brachytic stem traits, row spacing and plant population effects on soybean yield. Crop Sciences 38(3):750-755.
Board JE, Harville BG, Saxton AM (1990). Branch dry weight in relation to yield increases in narrow-row soybean. Agronomy Journal 82:540-544.
Boquet DJ, Walker DM (1980). Seeding rate for soybean in various planting patterns. Louisiana Agriculture 23:22-23.
Bruns HA, Abbas HK (2005). Ultra-high plant populations and nitrogen fertility effects on corn in the Mississippi Valley. Agronomy Journal 97(4):1136-1140.
Burle ML, Fonseca JR, Kami JA, Gepts P (2010). Microsatellite diversity and genetic structure among common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) landraces in Brazil, a secondary center of diversity. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 121:801-813.
Buruchara R, Chirwa R, Sperling L, Mukankusi C, Rubyogo JC, Muthoni R, Abang MM (2011). Development and delivery of bean varieties in Africa: The Pan-Africa Bean Research Alliance (PABRA) model. African Crop Science Journal 19(4):227-245.
Caicedo AL, Gaitán E, Duque MC, Chica OT, Debouck DG, Tohme J (1999). AFLP fingerprinting of Phaseolus lunatus L. and related wild species from South America. Crop Science 39:1497-1507.
Carrasco-Castilla J, Hernández-Álvarez AJ, Jiménez-Martínez C, Jacinto-Hernández C, Alaiz M, Girón-Calle J, … Dávila-Ortiza G (2012). Antioxidant and metal chelating activities of Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. Jamapa protein isolates, phaseolin and lectin hydrolysates. Food Chemistry 131(4):1157-1164.
Cayón GS, Valencia JAM, Morales HO, Domínguez A (2004). Dominico-Hartón plantain (Musa AAB Simmonds) development and yield using different densities and planting arrangements. Agronomia Colombiana 22(1):18-22.
FAO (2013). FAOSTAT. Food and agriculture data. Retrieved on April 30 from http://faostat.fao.org/faostat/collections?subset=agriculture
Gepts P, Debouck D (1991). Origin, domestication and evolution of Common bean (P. vulgaris L.). In: Van S, Voyset O (Eds.). Common beans: research for crop improvement. CAB International, Wallingford, England pp 7-53.
Goulden DS (1976). Effects of plant population and row spacing on yield and components of yield of navy beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture 4(2):177-180.
Graham PH, Ranalli P (1997). Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L). Field Crops Research 53:131-146.
Jafroudi AT, Moghaddam AF, Hasanzade A, Yazdifar S, Rahmanzade S (2007). Row spacing and inter row spacing effects on some agro-physiological traits of two common bean (Phaseolous vulgaris L.) cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10:4543-4546.
Kazemi E, Naseri R, Karimi Z, Emami T (2012). Variability of grain yield and yield components of white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars as affected by different plant density in western Iran. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 12 (1):17-22.
Matsuo N, Yamada T, Takada Y, Fukami K, Hajika M (2018). Effect of plant density on growth and yield of new soybean genotypes grown under early planting condition in southwestern Japan. Plant Production Science 21:16-25.
Olsen JM, Griepentrog HW, Nielsen J, Weiner J (2012). How important are crop spatial pattern and density for weed suppression by spring wheat? Weed Science 60(3):501-509.
Onwueme IC, Sinha TD (1991). Field crop production in tropical Africa. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp 480.
Rahman MM, Hossain MM (2011). Plant density effects on growth, yield and yield components of two soybean varieties under equidistant planting arrangement. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 10:278-286.
Seif YIA, El-Miniawy SEDM, El-Azm NAA, Hegazi AZ (2016). Response of snap bean growth and seed yield to seed size, plant density and foliar application with algae extract. Annals of Agricultural Sciences 61:187-199.
Singh SP, Gutierrez JA (1990). Effect of plant density on selection for seed yield in two population types of Phaseolus vulgaris L. Euphytica 51:173-178.
Copyright (c) 2020 Notulae Scientia Biologicae
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Distribution - Permissions - Copyright
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SHST, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SHST supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.