Genetic, Heritability and Genetic Advance of Progenies Derived from Hybridization of Vanda ‘Adrienne’ × Ascocenda ‘Peggy Foo’ with Vanda malinii × Vanda denisoniana Benson & Rchb.f. in vivo
Keywords:genetic gain; selection; Vanda; variability; quantitative characters
Hybridization is the process on interbreeding between individuals of different species or genetically divergent individuals from the same species to produce new progenies with their uniqueness and differences, involving in Vanda. Aim of this research was to explore genotypic and phenotypic variability, heritability and genetic advance of progenies derived from hybridization of Vanda ‘Adrienne’ × Ascocenda ‘Peggy Foo’ with Vanda malinii × Vanda denisoniana Benson & Rchb.f, and to find best characters used for selection. The experiment was conducted at Segunung Experimental Garden of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute (IOCRI) on altitude of 1100 m above sea level from June 2013 until December 2016. Thirteen genotypes derived from hybridization of V. ‘Adrienne’ × A. ‘Peggy Foo’ with V. malinii × V. denisoniana of 1A, 2A, 21A, 27A, 50A, 52A, 98A, 101A, 102A, 113A, 116A, 120A, and 120B were used in the study. The experiment was arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Results of the study indicated that range of genetic variability was varied from 1.2-184.7% with wide genetic variability determined on number of leaves per plant (NLP) up to 26.5% with 184.7% for leaf width (LW) and 24.7% for spike length (SL). Moderate heritability of 25.2% for NLP, 21.0% for LW and 25.2% for SL coupled with high genetic advance percent of mean up to 59.7% for NLP, 939.7% for LW and 33% for SL, reflecting the presence and expression of additive gene action of these traits. The results indicated the importance of these three characters best used as selection criteria for Vanda genotypes.
Ackerman JD, Morales M, Tremblay RD (2011). Darwin’s orchids: their variation, plasticity, and natural selection. Lankesteriana 11(3):179-184.
Allard RW (1960). Principles of plant breeding. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York, USA pp 89-98.
American Orchid Society (2018). Latest orchid award, https://secure.aos.org/orchid-awards.aspx.
Baskaran V, Jayanthi R, Janakiram T, Abirami K (2009). Studies on genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance in chrysanthemum. Journal of Horticultural Sciences 4(2):174-176.
Caligari PDS (2001). Plant breeding and crop improvement. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Jhon Wiley & Sons, Ltd. pp 1-9.
Dalström S, Higgins WE (2016). New combinations and transfers to Odontoglossum oncidiinae (Orchidaceae): Avoid creating new names. Harvard Paper in Botany 21(1):97-104.
De LC, Bhattacharjee SK (2011). Ornamental crop breeding. Aavishkar Publishers & Distributors, Jaipur, Rajasthan pp 438.
De LC, Devadas R, Singh DR, Thapa S, Rai W (2016). Performance of some Vanda hybrids at Sikkim Himalaya. International Journal of Current Research 8(5):30276-30281.
Dehgahi R, Joniyas A (2017). Review of research on Dendrobium sonia-28, a hybrid from Orchidacea family and mutation as somaclonal variation. International Journal of Biosciences 10(6):29-47.
Erzurumlu GS, Sultana N, Vural M, Serçe S (2018). Genetic and phenotypic variation among Turkish terrestrial orchid species as revealed by RAPD and morphological characteristics. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 42(4):227-236.
Falconer DS, Mackay FC (1996). Introduction to quantitative genetics. Longman, New York pp 464.
Griesbach RJ (2002). Development of Phalaenopsis orchids for the mass-market. In: Janick J, Whipkey A (Eds). Trends in New Crops and New Uses. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA pp 458-465.
Hallauer AR, Carena MJ, Filho JBM (2010). Quantitative genetics in maize breeding. Springer Science-Business Media, LLC pp 680.
Johnson HW, Robinson HF, Comstock RW (1955). Estimates of genetic and environment variability in soybean. Agronomy Journal 47(1):314-318.
Klier K, Leoschke MJ, Wendel JF (1991). Hybridization and introgression in white and yellow Ladyslipper orchids (Cypripedium candidum and C. pubescens). Journal of Heredity 82(4):305-318.
Kumar S (2014). Genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance and correlation coefficient for vegetative and floral characters of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii). International Journal of Agriculture, Environment & Biotechnology 7(3):527-533.
Lee YH, Wong SM, Tan WK, Goh CJ (1996). Breeding vandaceous orchids for commercial cut-flowers in Singapore: an overview. Euphytica 89(2):235-241.
Mabberley DJ (2008). Mabberley’s Plant Book: A portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Third edition, Cambridge University Press vii-xviii pp 1-1021.
Mattjik AA, Sumertajaya IS (2006). Experimental Design with SAS and Minitab Application. IPB Press. Bogor pp 276.
Miano TF, Rabbani MG, Memon NUN (2016). Assessment of genetic diversity among orchids. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 45(5):987-993.
Mishra P, Singh AK, Singh OP (2014). Genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance, correlation coefficient and path analysis in gladiolus. IQSR-Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences 7(7):23-26.
Moniruzzaman M, Zaman MA, Ershad HM, Bhuiyan MMH, Rahman MZ (2012). Genetic variability and character association in some native orchid species (Dendrobium sp.). The Agriculturist 10(1):1-9.
Motes MR (1988). Unraveling a rainbow: A brief history of Vanda hybrizing. American Orchid Society Bulletin 57(7):709-718.
Motes MR (2000). Judging Vandas. Award Quarterly 31(1):85-89.
Neto NBM, Vieira LGE (2011). Assessment of genetic diversity in Cattleya intermedia Lindl. (Orchidaceae). Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 54(5):939-946.
Pellegrino G, Bellusci F, Musacchio A (2008). Morphological and molecular investigation of the parentage of Ophrys × circlarium (O. lutea × O. tarentina), new hybrid orchid from Italy. Annales Botanici Fennici 45(1):61-68.
Poehlman JM, Sleper DA (1995). Breeding field crops. Fourth Edition, Iowa State University Press/Ames. Iowa pp 60-84.
Purwanto AW, Semiarti E (2009). Pesona Kecantikan Anggrek Vanda. Kanisius. Yogyakarta pp 96.
Ranchana P, Kannan M, Jawaharlal M (2013). Genetic and correlation studies in double genotypes of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa) for assessing the genetic variability. Advance in Crop Sciences and Technology 1(3):1-5.
Rosmaina H, Syafrudin F, Hasrol TH, Yanti F, Juliyanti KH, Zulfahmi KF (2016). Estimation of variability, heritability and genetic advance among local chili pepper genotypes cultivated in peat lands. Bulgarian Journal of Agriculture Sciences 22:431-436.
SAS (2008). SAS/STATÂ® 9.2 User’s Guide. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
Sivasubramaniam MM (1973). Inheritance of short stature in rice. Madras Agriculture Journal 60:1129-1133.
Szlachetko LD, Kolanowska M, Muller F, Vannini J, Rojek J, Górniak M (2017). First Guatemalan record of natural hybridization between Neotropical species of the Lady’s Slipper orchid (Orchidaceae, Cypripedioideae). PeerJ 5:e4162.
Tamuli PS, Talukdar MC, Talukdar P (2015). Extent of genetic variation in Anthurium (Anthurium andreanum Linden ex Andre) cultivars for growth, flowers and physiological characters under soil-less culture. IQSR-Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences 8(3):7-10.
Tanee T, Chadmuk P, Sudmoon R, Chaveerach A, Noikotr K (2012). Genetic analysis for identification, genomic template stability in hybrids and barcodes of the Vanda species (Orchidaceae) of Thailand. African Journal of Biotechnology 11(55):11772-11781.
Teixeira da Silva JA (2012). Production of synseed for hybrid Cymbidium using protocorm-like bodies. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research 20(2):135-146.
How to Cite
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SMTCT, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SMTCT supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.