Antimicrobial Activity of Selected Mosses on Obafemi Awolowo University Campus, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
The present study aimed to evaluate antimicrobial activity of ethanol, methanol, schnapp (40% alcohol), oil palm wine and Raffia palm wine extracts of moss species Archidium ohioense, Pelekium gratum and Hyophila involuta against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans and Candida pseudotropicalis. The antimicrobial activities of the alcoholic extracts were tested against selected microorganisms using agar well diffusion method. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the extracts were determined using standard methods. The antimicrobial test of the extracts on selected organisms revealed that the methanolic and ethanolic extracts of the mosses studied were inactive against all the bacteria and fungi screened, while the schnapp, Oil palm wine and Raffia palm wine extracts showed significant activity against the selected organisms. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of the extracts on the test organisms ranged from 1.25 to 40 mg/ml. The study concluded that the extracts of the mosses studied contain pharmacologically active constituents which may be responsible for their antimicrobial properties.
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