Fruit and Juice Metric Characteristics of Two Yellow Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis Degener) Genotypes Grown in Southeastern Nigeria
An investigation was undertaken to determine the fruit and juice metric traits of fresh fruits obtained from two yellow passion fruit genotypes grown in south-eastern Nigeria in two seasons. The passion fruit genotypes (Conventional and KPF-4) received 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 t ha-1 poultry manure (PM) rates in 2014 and 0, 10, 20 t ha-1 PM, 5 t ha-1 PM + 200 kg ha-1 NPK 15:15:15, 10 t ha-1 PM + 200 kg ha-1 NPK and 400 kg ha-1 NPK in 2016. Ten ripe and freshly dropped fruits in 2015 and 2017 were picked and taken to the laboratory. Fruit and juice metric traits (such as fruit length, circumference, pulp weight, juice volume and weight) were measured. Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance following the procedure for split-plot experiment in completely randomized design. KPF-4 significantly (p<0.05) produced longer, wider and heavier fruits than the Conventional in 2015 whereas in 2017 all the fruit metric traits did not significantly (p>0.05) differ between the genotypes. Juice volume (682 ml) and pulp fresh weight (942 g) in 2015 were significantly highest in the Conventional when they received 20 or 40 t ha-1 PM. Application of 10 t ha-1 PM + 200 kg ha-1 NPK in 2016 enhanced the production of highest juice volume (723 ml) and pulp fresh weight (770 g) in the Conventional. Juice percentage and fruit metric traits of yellow passion fruit could be enhanced with the application 20 t ha-1 PM, considering lesser cost of PM procurement, or combined application of 10 t ha-1 PM + 200 kg ha-1 NPK.
Ani JU, Baiyeri KP (2008). Impact of poultry manure and harvest season on juice quality of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa Deg.) in the sub-humid zone of Nigeria. Fruits 63(4):239-247.
Aular J, Casares M, Natale W (2014). Mineral nutrition and fruit quality of pineapple and passion fruit. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 36(4):1046-1054.
Chau C, Huang Y (2004). Characterization of passion fruit seed fibers - a potential fiber source. Food Chemistry 85(2):189-194.
Chau C, Huang Y, Chang F (2005). Effects of fiber derived from passion fruit seed on the activities of ileum mucosal enzymes and colonic bacterial enzymes in hamsters. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85(12):2119-2124.
da Silva MAP, Plácido GR, Caliari M, Carvalho B de S, da Silva RM, Cagnin C, … da Silva CF (2015). Physical and chemical characteristics and instrumental color parameters of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims). African Journal of Agricultural Research 10(10):119-1126.
Dutra GAP, de Carvalho AJC, Freitas MSM, dos Santos PC, Freitas JAA, Marinho CS (2016). Sweet passion fruit yield and fruit quality related to fertilization with urea and cattle manure. Journal of Plant Nutrition 39(6):828-834.
Ferreres F, Sousa C, Valentao P, Andrade PB, Seabra RM, Gil-Izquierdo A (2007). New C-Deoxyhexosyl flavones and antioxidant properties of Passiflora edulis leaf extract. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55(25):10187-10193.
Garhwal PC, Yadav PK, Sharma BD, Singh RS, Ramniw AS (2014). Effect of organic and nitrogen on growth yield and quality of kinnow mandarin in sandy soils of hot arid region. African Journal of Agricultural Research 9(34):2638-2647.
GENSTAT (2007). GENSTAT for Windows. Release 7.2DE Discovery Edition 3. Lawes Agricultural Trust (Rothamsted Experimental Station). VSN International Ltd., Hemel Hempstead, UK.
KARLOS (Kenya Agricultural Research and Livestock Organization) (2014). KARI sweet yellow passion that withstand critical diseases that ravaged purple passion. Hortfresh Journal. Tech Era Communication, Nairobi, Kenya.
Kering MK, Temu VW, Rutto, LK (2017). Nitrogen fertilizer and panicle removal in Sweet Sorghum production: Effect on biomass, juice yield and soluble sugar content. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems 7(01):14-26.
Knight RJ, Sauls JW (2005). The passion fruit. Factsheet HS No. 60 (Reviewed Edition), Horticultural Science Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science University of Florida.
Mattheis JP, Fellman JK (1999). Preharvest factors influencing flavor of fresh fruit and vegetables. Postharvest Biology and Technology 15(3):227-232.
Mwirigi P, Mwangi M, Gweyi-Onyango J (2016). Agronomic management of yellow passion fruit among farmers in Mbeere sub-county, Kenya. African Journal of Horticultural Science 10:1-13.
Ndukwe OO, Baiyeri KP (2018a). Influence of genotype and poultry manure rate on phenology and fruit yield of yellow passion fruit. Acta Horticulturae 1225:139-144.
Ndukwe OO, Baiyeri KP (2018b). Biochemical characterisation of fruit juice from two yellow passion fruit genotypes as influenced by poultry manure rates. Acta Horticulturae 1225:295-302.
Owureku-Asare M, Agyei-Amponsah J, Agbemavor SWK, Apatey J, Sarfo AK, Okyere AA, … Dodobi MT (2015). Effect of organic fertilizers on physical and chemical quality of sugar loaf pineapple (Ananas comosus L.) grown in two ecological sites in Ghana. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 15(2):9982-9995.
Pacheco ALV, Borges KS, de Freitas GB, Vieira G (2017). Yield and quality of yellow passion fruits according to organic fertilization and alternative phytosanitary management. Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável (RBAS) 7(3):84-90.
Ramesh KA, Kumar N, Kavino M (2006). Role of potassium in fruit crops - a review. Agricultural Reviews 27(4):284-291.
Sano S, Sugiyama K, Ito T, Katano Y, Ishihata A (2011). Identification of the strong vasorelaxing substance scirpusin B, a dimer of piceatannol, from passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 59(11):6209-6213.
Sema A, Maiti CS (2006). Status and prospects of passion fruit industry in Northeast India. Central Institute of Horticulture, Medziphema-797 106, Nagaland.
SPSS (2013). IBM SPSS Statistics Version 22, Release 188.8.131.52. IBM Corporation and other (s) 1989.
Weston LA, Barth MM (1997). Preharvest factors affecting postharvest quality of vegetables. HortScience 32(5):812-816.
Copyright (c) 2019 Notulae Scientia Biologicae
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Distribution - Permissions - Copyright
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SHST, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allow the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SHST supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.