Isolation and Protein Characterization of Lindane Degrading Root Epiphytic Bacterium Arthrobacter sp. T16 from Typha latifolia
Lindane, extensively used as pesticide, causes severe environmental hazard and is a threat to the humanity. The present study aims to assess the capability and mechanism of root epiphytic bacteria of wetland plant Typha latifolia to degrade lindane. Isolation of lindane degrading root epiphytic bacteria was done by standard enrichment technique and lindane degradation analysis was done using Gas Liquid Chromatography. Bacterial strain Arthrobacter sp. T16 was isolated and identified, which showed maximum degradation of 71.2 ± 1.3% of 50 mg l-1 lindane. Lindane biodegradation was accompanied with decrease in pH, increase in chloride ions concentration of culture medium and a positive dechlorination assay. Biodegradation potential of Arthrobacter sp. T16 was also studied at different lindane concentrations. Maximum degradation was observed at 10 mg l-1 lindane followed by 50 mg l-1 and 100 mg l-1 lindane. Lindane biodegradation kinetics study inferred that the average rate of lindane degradation increased with increase in lindane concentration. Lindane induced proteins in Arthrobacter sp. T16 were studied by SDS-PAGE. Distinctive polypeptides came into view in the presence of lindane and were identified as putative ABC transporter periplasmic amino acid-binding protein, elongation factor Tu and trifunctional transcriptional regulator/proline dehydrogenase/pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase, each expressed due to lindane stress. This study specifies the potential of phytoremediation in controlling the environmental contamination problem with the help of indigenous organisms present in roots of plants.
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