Evaluation of Seed Yield of Nigerian Bambara Groundnut [Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.] Landraces under Varying Water Conditions
Seed yield of selected Nigerian Bambara Groundnut landraces under two varying water conditions was evaluated. Twenty eight (28) Bambara groundnut accessions were planted in a randomized complete block design with two treatments (Non-water stressed and Water stressed) and replicated five times. The experiment was conducted at the Experimental Garden of the Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State. The accessions were planted in planting bags during the cropping season of 2016 between July and October. The two treatments were rain fed until maturity except during the period of exposure to water stress where the water stressed plants were transferred to a screen house made with polyvinyl ceiling to prevent water during the flowering stage for two weeks. It was observed that water stress reduced the yield of the Bambara groundnut landraces by 47%. Accessions NGB-01646-B, NGR-NI-20-H and NGB-01491 which had relatively high yield in the stressed and non- water stressed condition were considered the most drought tolerant accessions and accession NGR-KG-02-C with low yield both in stressed and non-stressed conditions was identified as the most susceptible accession. Accessions which had high yield only in water stressed conditions could serve as elite line for Bambara groundnut for areas which have problem of drought. These drought tolerant accessions identified in the research can serve as potential parent lines in breeding programmes aimed at the development of drought tolerant varieties of Bambara groundnut.
Abejide DR, Falusi OA, Gana SA, Adebola MO, Daudu OAY, Muhammad LM (2017). Evaluation of drought tolerance indices in Nigerian Bambara groundnut landraces. Book of Proceedings of the Biotechnology Society of Nigeria. 30th Annual International Conference, Federal University of Technology, Minna, 27- 30 August.
Anchirinah VM, Yiridoe EK, Bennet-Lartey SO (2001). Enhancing sustainable production and genetic resource conservation of Bambara groundnut: A survey of indigenous agricultural knowledge systems. Outlook Agriculture 30(4):281-288.
Azam-Ali SN, Sesay A, Karikari SK, Massawe FJ, Agullar-Manjarrez, J, Brennan M, Hampson KJ (2001). Assessing the potential of an underutilized crop - a case study using Bambara groundnut. Experimental Agriculture 37:433-472.
Bamshaiye OM, Adegbola JA, Bamshaiye EI (2011). Bambara groundnut: an under-utilized nut in Africa. Advances in Agricultural Biotechnology 1:60-72.
Berchie JN, du- Daapah HK, Nelson QF, Haleegoah J, Asafu-Agyei JN, Addo JK (2010). Practices and constraints in Bambara groundnut production, marketing and consumption in the Brong Ahafo and upper- east regions of Ghana. Journal of Agronomy 9:111-118.
Fernandez GC (1992). Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. In: Kuo CG (Ed). Proceedings of the International Symposium on Adaptation of Vegetables and Other Food Crops in Temperature and Water Stress. Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre, Taiwan.
Goli AE (1997). Bibliographical Review, pp 4-10. In: Bambara grounndnut (Vigna subterranean [L.] Verdc.), In: Heller J, Begemann F, Mushonga J (Eds). Proceedings of the Workshop on Conservation and Improvement of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea [L.] Verdc.) 14-16 November, 1995, Harare, Zimbabwe, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy, pp 162.
Gavuzzi P, Rizza F, Palumbo M, Campaline RG, Ricciardi GL, Borghi B (1997). Evaluation of field and laboratory predictors of drought and heat tolerance in winter cereals. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 77:523-531.
Mabhaudhi T, Modi AT, Beletse YG (2013). Growth, phonological and yield responses of a Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean L.Verdc) landrace to imposed water stress: II Rain shelter conditions. Water South Africa 39(2):191-198.
Mayes S, Massawe FJ, Alderson PG, Roberts JA, Azam-Ali SN, Hermann M (2011) The potential for underutilized crops to improve security of food production. Journal of Experimental Botany 63:1075-1079.
Mitra J (2001). Genetics and genetic improvement of drought resistance in crop plants. Current Science 80:758-762.
Mkandawire CH (2007). Review of Bambara groundnut production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Agricultural Journal 2:464-470.
Mohammed MS, Shimelis H, Laing MD (2013). Preliminary investigation on the genetic diversity of Bambara groundnut landraces using seed morphology. Poster presented at the Combined Congress, in Durban. 21-24 January, 2013. South African Society of Crop Production, pp 222.
Okpuzor J, Ogbunugafor HA, Okafor U, Sofidiya MO (2010). Identification of protein types in Bambara nut seeds: Perspectives for dietary protein supply in developing countries. EXCLI Journal 9:17-28.
Vurayai R, Emongor V, Moseki B (2011a). Physiological responses of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean L. Verdc) to short periods of water stress during different developmental stages. Asian Journal of Agricultural Science 3(1):37-43.
Wonderwosen S, Alemayehu B, Hussein M (2012). Evaluation of drought tolerance indices in Tef ( Eragrostistef (Zucc.) Trotter. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7(23):3433-3438.
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SMTCT, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SMTCT supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.