Food and Feeding Habits of the Deep-Water Mud Shrimp (Solenocera melantho) of Visakhapatnam Coast, India
The food and feeding habits of the shrimp Solenocera melantho off Visakhapatnam coast were studied qualitatively and quantitatively. Feeding intensity differs in relation to gender, size, season and stage of maturity. Detritus was the major component of the food consumed, followed by crustaceans, molluscs, foraminiferans, fish remains, eggs; sand was also found as one of the gut contents. Diet preference in males and females was similar, but varied with size and season. The index of preponderance of detritus was 50.88% in males and 47.16% in females. Variation in feeding intensity was noticed in relation to size, months and season. The overall feeding intensity in males and females was categorized as actively fed (21.52% and 40.78% respectively), moderately fed (22.07%, 19.72%) and poorly fed (14.07%, 27.03%) respectively. S. melantho may designate as an omnivorous detritivore with scavenging activity.
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